Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction The Haitian revolution is one of the greatest revolutions that ever happened in history. It took place between 1791 and 1804 in Haiti which was then known as Saint-Domingo. Saint Domingo was one of the richest colonies and was under the French rule. It was tended by slaves, had fertile soil and a very favorable climate. Some of the things cultivated there were cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar, vegetables and some fruits. After attaining its independence, Haiti became the first republic occupied and governed by blacks who were formerly slaves.
In Saint-Domingo, there were four groups of people: the planters who owned the plantations and were key supporters of slave trade so as to get labor for their plantations, the Petit Blancs who were mainly traders, teachers and other who did not own plantations but had good jobs, the free people of color and the black slaves.
Economic Impact The Haitian revolution had a great economic impact on Cuba in the 19th century. Since Haiti had been one of the richest colonies worldwide, its revolution led to economic instability as the slaves sought to overthrow their masters who owned the plantations. This disrupted agriculture and gave Cuba a chance to revitalize its agricultural production.
Notably, the revolution caused the collapsing of the sugar industry in Haiti thus giving Cuba an opportunity to revive its sugar industry. In 1902, Cuba got a chance to sign an agreement with US which gave Cuba a chance to export a certain amount of its sugar which led to tremendous growth in its economy (Abbott 1).
Cultural Impact The migration of Haitians into Cuba impacted differently on the Cuban culture. First, it led to the development of Haitian Creole. Certainly, language is a key part of culture thus the importance of the Creole as a cultural impact. This language came to be when the Haitian migrants arrived in Cuba. These refugees arrived there to work in the sugar plantations and as they interacted with the Cuban, the Haitian Creole was introduced.
In addition, there were different types of music and dances that were brought by the Haitian immigrants. These dances and music became a significant part of the Cuban culture as they enriched it. One such dance is the Tumba Francesa (Viddal 1).
Political impact The Haitian revolution has had its political impact on Cuba in the 19th century. It is this revolution which led to the emancipation of slaves in Cuba years later. The revolution made many slaves revote against oppressive governments and gain their freedom.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In addition sugar trade between Cuba and the US brought the two states closer. However, at some point in the 19th century, the Cuban government under the leadership of Fidel Castrol nationalized the large estates of agriculture, industries dealing with refining of sugar which had previously been owned by individuals.
This was seen as a communist move by the US government which was against communism. As a result, the US government prohibited importation of goods from Cuba which consequently led to Cuba nationalizing some US owned assets amounting to 8 billion.
Conclusion It is clear that the Haitian revolution, though termed as the forgotten revolution, had some direct and indirect impact politically, economically and culturally on Cuba. Through the revolution, Cuba got a chance to rise as a great sugar supplier, its culture got enriched by the immigrants from Haiti and also its politics got impacted with the changes in relations with the US and the abolishing of the slavery system. Therefore, the Haitian revolution played a great role on bringing key changes in Cuba.
Works Cited Abbott, Elizabeth, Sugar: A Bittersweet History, Overlook Press, 2010. Web.
Viddal, Grete, Dance! Global Transformation of Latin American Culture, ReVista, Harvard Review of Latin America, Volume VII, No. 1, Fall 2007, p. 48-50.
Rock Island Arsenal: Developing and Rewarding Teams Essay scholarship essay help
Rock Island Arsenal is a public firm that manufactures weapons, and is located at Mississippi River. The company has made commendable efforts to improve the quality of its products.
Such efforts include team building and employee empowerment, which started in 1981 with a quality circle program. The program has evolved into independent work teams and highly performing employees because the company applies the following elements in its management: use of teams, development and recognition, and communication (OPM, 1998).
Therefore, the following paragraphs discuss the concept of recognition, which is applied by Rock Island Arsenal to improve performance, and how it can be useful in a typical organization. Likewise, communication is seen as another element besides recognition that was used to improve performance.
Recognition was used at Rock Island Arsenal to improve performance by monetary awards to the federal employees who perform according to the required standards. This is very important because the employee is motivated and he/she continues to perform better.
This recognition program is set for different teams, facilitators, and peers. Supervisors and employees participate in deciding who is to be given awards and how they recommend or elect the person(s) to whom the award is to be given; these awards are given by the commander.
He also presents the quality excellence honors, which is given to a group or an individual for excellent customer service or process perfection (OPM, 1998). The other awards include environmental attainment and good community services. With all these awards, the employees have been motivated and this has led to improvement in performance.
Rewards as a type of recognition can be applied in my organization because it is a positive reinforcement of actions and beliefs. This helps people to build self esteem because they accept and feel good about themselves. Luthans and Doh (2002) argues that for effective recognition, there should be criteria for selecting the employee’s performance that is eligible for a reward.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the following are the criteria to apply in my organization: all employees must be eligible for a reward, employees should be given information on what behaviors or actions are to be rewarded, the employee who performs to the required standard must be rewarded, recognition should be as close to actions or performance as possible, and it should not be determined by only managers because it will be seen as favourism.
In addition, monetary awards are important to the employees, especially when they are given in form of bonuses for the work done. Also, they can be given cheques by the most senior person for the employees to feel recognized. Employees should be given special gifts that will touch them personally.
For example, the best employee of the month can be given a washing machine. Honorary titles are also important because they motivate the employee and this includes honors like professor and fellow, which are given in recognition of contributions made by an employee.
Communication is another important element used by the Rock Island Arsenal. There is free information flow because bulletin boards are posted at the local area network for all employees to read with newsletters, which helps the employees to know new processes or services, progress and team or individual achievements.
There are halls for weekly meetings with television broadcasts. Communicating has helped the company to share critical issues such as performance and productivity. The supervisors and the employees are able to know and understand well and act on the strategic direction of an organization.
Therefore, with the use of written communication, the employees are able to read and reread complicated and vital instructions and hence, there is lesser chance for the information to be lost or misunderstood. With spoken communication in meetings, it has allowed employees to ask questions where information is not clear hence they get immediate feedback.
The employee is able to participate in decision making and this makes him understand that he/she is part of the organization. In essence, with effective communication, the managers and the employees are able to address the performance issue and the employees are allowed to make suggestions for improvement and so they feel that they have ownership in problem solving especially in process improvements.
We will write a custom Essay on Rock Island Arsenal: Developing and Rewarding Teams specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More References Luthans R.M.
Cartesian Dualism Essay a level english language essay help: a level english language essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Cartesian dualism is a philosophical concept that asserts mind and body are different entities in a person but they interact intricately for the proper functioning of a human being. Rene Descartes came up with the philosophical concept after establishing that, both material and immaterial worlds exist in a person. The mind constitutes the immaterial world while the body constitutes the material world and effective interaction of the two results into a rational being.
According to dualism, the mind directs the body’s actions ; actually, Descartes observes that “sensation and perception involve states of the world affecting states of sense organs, which in turn affect the brain, which causes the mind to be in certain states” (Baker 6). Thus, the interaction of the mind and the body constitutes Cartesian dualism, which is a landmark in philosophy. This essay examines the constituents of Cartesian Dualism before exploring arguments for and against the same.
Dualism Dualism is the interaction of the mind and body as immaterial and material substances respectively. Descartes believes in the existence of both immaterial and material worlds that interact effectively in nature. As an illustration of the existence of immaterial and material substances in nature, Descartes uses human beings to explain the nature of mind and body.
Descartes is concerned about “how the immaterial could interact with the material, and how the ‘extended’ substance of body could house the ‘unextended’ spirit called soul, resolved the problem of the incompatibility of the two entities by his dualism” (Baker 7).
Prior to the Cartesian dualism, Greek philosophers held that, the mind and the body are unique and distinct entities that are incompatible. However, through his method of systemic doubt, Descartes argues that since his mind can doubt the existence of bodies in nature, it clearly proves that there is a link between the mind and material world.
In sixth meditation, Descartes argues that understanding and imaginations emanate from the sensual perception of the material world, hence proves that there is distinction and connection of the mind and body. He holds that “the two components which constitute man had an independent origin and are of a fundamentally different nature … the body could be divided up by the removal of a leg or an arm, but the soul was indivisible” (Hawthorn 88).
The different attributes of the mind and body make the two different entities while their concerted functions make them complementary in defining the nature of human beings. Thus, dualism explains the interaction of the mind and body while acknowledging the fact that they are different entities in human being.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In his attempts to define his identity, Descartes realizes that there is complex association of mind and body that enables him to achieve reality on top of understanding his environment. He argues that since he has the capacity to think and doubt his existence, it obviously follows that he exists as a mind trying to comprehend the body.
In order to ascertain his existence, Descartes came up with method of systemic doubt where according to Russell, “whatever he could bring himself to doubt, he would doubt, until he saw reason for not doubting it…by applying this method he gradually became convinced that the only existence of which he could be quite certain was his own” (11).
Since he was certain of his existence because he had ability to think and doubt, Descartes discovered philosophical concept of dualism in human nature in that, the mind and body are two components that coexist in a human being.
According to Cartesian dualism, the mind and the body interact at the point of pineal body because it is the only gland in the brain that is not duplicate, which connects the body and the brain.
Nagel argues that, “the body is extended matter: the soul is unextended spirit; when, however, the extended is acted upon by the unextended, some definite point of interaction is required and it is to be found in the pineal gland” (8). Descartes believes in mechanistic interaction of the mind and the body bringing about physical movement of the body and dictates the actions that human beings perform.
Without the mind or ineffective interaction of the mind and body result into haphazard actions, hence proves that the mechanistic interaction is critical in defining the human nature. Out of all creatures in the universe, human being is a dualistic creature with ability to think and act accordingly unlike animals that act according to their instincts and stimuli of nature. Therefore, the dualistic nature of human beings enables them to coordinate their mind and actions appropriately.
Anti-dualism Although Cartesian dualism supports that the mind and the body are different entities, none can exist without the other. The mind and the body are critical and complementary components that constitute human being and therefore, it is quite impossible to separate the two.”
We will write a custom Essay on Cartesian Dualism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Whether one believes that the mind is a substance or just a bundle of properties, the same challenge arises, which is to explain the nature of the unity of the immaterial mind” (Russell 26). It is practically impossible to combine or separate material substance and immaterial substance in nature.
Separation or combination of material and immaterial substances is quite perplexing as they are incompatible. If the mind and the body are separate and independent entities, why should they interact in the human being? They should have separate and distinct entities that do not need to interact for them to sustain their existence. In Cartesian dualism, the mind exists because of the body and the body exists because of the mind.
Critics of Cartesian dualism further argue that interaction of the mind and body is not testable in the laboratory; hence, they introduced theological concept asserting that divine power is responsible for the interaction. Baker argues that, “critics of dualism objected that if soul and body were substances of entirely different natures, interaction between them was in fact impossible” (12).
The assumption that the mind and the body interact at the point of pineal gland is a mere coincidence as there are other unduplicated organs in the body or brain. Furthermore, there is no empirical evidence to prove that pineal body is the point that connects the mind and the body. The nature of the mind is very complex and mysterious for one to comprehend; it is incomprehensible for immaterial and material substance to interact at pineal gland.
The problem of dualism lies in the assumption that the immaterial mind and material body can interact effectively at the point of pineal body. The assumption does not make scientific sense as no one can test immaterial substances in the laboratory because they are incompatible with material substances that human beings can perceive.
Critics question therefore remains how can one perceive and measure immaterial substances. For causal relationships between the mind and the body to exist, dualists should demonstrate empirical and convincing experiment that ascertains the relationship.
“It is not clear in what sense such stuff is immaterial, except in the sense that it cannot be integrated into the normal scientific account of the physical world …it is just an aberrant kind of physical stuff” (Hawthorn 93). Therefore, due to lack of empirical evidences and parameters that can measure immaterial substances, many critics of dualism have attributed dualism to the efforts of divine power that control the universe.
Conclusion Critical analysis of opposing arguments of dualism and anti-dualism shows that Descartes wins as he argues that thoughts and doubts concerning certain things in nature are sure proof of their existence. Since critics of dualism doubt the existence of immaterial mind, it definitely follows they doubt reality and existence of immaterial substances.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Cartesian Dualism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Attributing dualism to influence of divine power by Descartes’ critics is not satisfactory because like immaterial substances, divine forces are not testable in the laboratory. Therefore, Cartesian dualism gives probable explanation of the distinction between human beings and animals.
According to Cartesian dualism, human beings are dualistic creatures with the ability to think and act according to their thoughts, hence reaffirming their rational capacity. The critics of Cartesian dualism do have sufficient evidence to disapprove effective interaction between the mind and the body; therefore, Descartes’ argument that anything doubted is real for it elicits doubts in the first instance stands. Therefore, anyone who doubts Cartesian dualism doubts reality.
Works Cited Baker, Gordon. “Cartesian Dualism: Mind Brain Interactions.” Philosophical Review Journal 4.2 (1997): 1-34
Hawthorn, John. “Cartesian Dualism.” Australian Journal of Philosophy 63.7 (2006): 87-98.
Nagel, Thomas. “Mind and Body Cartesian Dualism.” Philosophy, 2001: 1-11.
Russell, Bertrand. Problems of Philosophy. New York: Feedbooks Publisher, 1970.
Research in management Essay college essay help near me
Table of Contents Introduction
Data collection and analysis
Introduction Research is important in every area of the society. It enables people and governments to solve problems appropriately by choosing the most appropriate solution to any problem affecting the population. It also helps in good management of resources. Research involves obtaining statistical values and analyzing them.
Research proposal This is done by first identifying the research that one wants to conduct; this includes an introduction of the study with a problem statement, hypothesis, definition of terms and a summary. The introduction is supposed to give the reader the background information and objectives of the research.
A section of the method to be used in the research should be included. This include the design, subject of participants, instruments and the procedure showing the plan and the activities which will be involved in the study. This should be followed by some idea about the data that will be collected. A discussion and limitations of the research study should also be indicated (Salkind, 2010).
Literature review is important as it reveals that the researcher understands the research problem (Salkind, 2010). Identifying the appropriate sampling population and method for data collection is significant. It may be interviews with questionnaires. The data is then collected and finally analysis of this data carried out.
Research Manuscript A research manuscript is written after the research is done, data analyzed and conclusion and recommendations done. At this stage it is ready to be published. The research manuscript is written by identifying a title which describes the research concisely, clear and attractive to the readers.
The researcher should also give a summary of the research precisely. It should also include an introduction, materials and methods. Results, discussion, references and appendices must be included. Author notes, footnotes, table captions, tables, figure captions and figures are also important to enhance understanding of the research carried out (Salkind, 2010).
Data collection and analysis Data collection and analysis is the base of statistics. Statistics therefore include collection, organization and interpretation of the data collected. There are two types of statistics namely descriptive and inferential statistics. Inferential statistics are used to make conclusion in the results of data whereas descriptive statistics describe the qualities of a given sample (McMillan, 2005).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Effective research ensures that the collected data represents the population on which the research is being done (Salkind, 2010). For example, if one wants to conduct a research in teenagers in a particular district it is important that there is equal distribution in sampling areas including both boys and girls. From the data that one collects, one is able to make a conclusion if for instance it was drug abuse the percentage of teenager abusing drugs in that population.
Data interpretation should always avoid assumption, but to some extent one may conclude that the result or probability that a person is a teenage is a drug abuser is a matter of chance, this occurs when one is not able to find any evidence that it is because, e.g. of family background that the teenage is not abusing drugs.
A research always works towards avoiding any assumptions by ensuring that the questionnaires cover many issues related to that research to improve the accuracy. The researcher should also try to collect his data from a normal population.
Once sample data has been gathered through an observational study or experiment, statistical inference allows analysts to assess evidence in favor or some claim about the population from which the sample has been drawn. The methods of inference used to support or reject claims based on sample data are known as tests of significance. (Test of significance, n.d., p. 1)
This test of significance is subject to null hypothesis H0, which is believed to be true but has not been proved. Since sampling is not 100% perfect and does not cover every sample that is available, one is likely to make some errors. The null hypothesis is subject to acceptance or rejection. If the null hypothesis is true and from the results is rejected, this is known as type I error. It has some level of significance, which are conventional values associated with it. When one accepts a force null hypothesis, this is known as Type II error (Salkind, 2010)
Descriptive research is a kind of research that works to explain a give research in relation to other environmental factor. However it does not restricted to any group such as teenagers .For example the use of alcohol and drug abuse in a given area regardless of age or gender (Salkind, 2010)
Survey research on the other hand studies intensively. It even involves the thoughts of the respondent while conducting a survey research. This calls for an intensive interview to the respondents and needs to be handled with a lot of care and attention. The interview questions are closed or open ended.
We will write a custom Essay on Research in management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To increase efficiency and effectiveness, there is need for clarity of objectives and an appropriate sample is necessary. In addition one needs to come up with questions that are simplified or structured but should be easy to analyze and directed to particular goals (Salkind, 2010).
Correlation research is the research that measures the degree of linear relationship between two variables. The correlation coefficient varies from -1 to 1.The positive correlation is shows that there is a positive relationship between two variables while negative correlation indicates a negative association between two variables (Salkind, 2010).
To be effective in research, one must find an appropriate research method. These experimental designs include pre-experimental, true experimental and quasi experimental which is also known as casual comparative design (Salkind, 2010).
Pre experimental design is not characterized by random selection of participants from a population and does not involve a control group. True experimental designs include all the steps in selecting and assigning subjects in a random fashion, plus a control group leading to a greater efficiency and comparison (Salkind, 2010).
Quasi experimental method is different from pre-experimental and experimental methods in that the hypothesized cause of differences you might observe between groups have already occurred. This means that pre assignment of groups has already occurred. There are different designs that can be used in quasi experiments.
The most common is non equivalent control group design especially when it is impossible or difficult to assign subjects randomly to groups. Static group comparison design is used when one cannot randomize and cannot administer a pretest (Salkind, 2010).
Single subject research design is a good method of understanding causal relationships that looks at individual rather than groups. They are mostly used in behavioral analysis and education. Multiple baseline design is a good design where two behaviors, two subjects or two occasions are selected for a study and a treatment applied to one of them. In this way the behavior, the participant, or situations in which treatment is not present serves as a baseline against which the effects of treatment can be determined (Salkind, 2010).
In developmental research one may apply longitudinal method. This determines changes in behavior in a group of subject for more than one point in time. A cross sectional method can also be used. This is done by examining one group of people repeatedly over a time. A good combination of the methods in a particular study enhances accuracy of the results.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Research in management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion For one to obtain accurate results, it is important that to consider the, most appropriate method to carry out the research. Inferential statistics help one to make the right decision. The research project should therefore describe its purpose clearly on the methods and activities so as to accomplish its purpose.
References McMillan, J. (2005). Data Analysis and Collection. Web.
Salkind, N.J. (2010). Exploring Research. New York, NY: Prentice Hall.
Tests of Significance. (n.d.). Tests of Significance. Retrieved from http://www.stat.yale.edu/Courses/1997-98/101/sigtest.htm
Do The Right Thing Analysis Essay college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Table of Contents Community
Black struggles and racism
King and Malcolm’s use
Crisis and conflict characterize the film “Do The Right Thing”. However, explicit racial divisions and tones that the characters who belong to different races in the film bring out the motive in this crisis.
Spike lee intends to bring out the notion that human beings are different and unique in their own ways and there is little human beings can do to hide from that fact. It brings out the notion that, differences between people are the source of all prejudice, stereotyping, and intolerance. Amid all the chaos, Spike Lee seeks to show that there are some voices of reason through the character of Da Mayor.
That, human beings have a choice to live positively and all the ills that the community in the film embodies can easily be avoided by only doing the right thing. The community in the film has intertwined interests that apparently make it difficult to do the right thing, be it for personal or communal benefit. From the onset, the film presents a multiracial community brought together by various interests.
Community All the people who live in the block have developed some interdependence while some characters are caught up in situations that demand that they commit their loyalties to different parties. People in this community have kept alive racial awareness and the interdependence that exists is only for convenience and survival.
John Turturro and Buggin Out who have not cared to hide their views about racial awareness and won’t waste an opportunity to hit out at people of different races proof this. The presence of the Radio Raheem the Radio personality, Smiley the retard and the “cornermen” especially the radio disk jockey who comment on almost everything give rise to a complicated but thriving community. There is also white owned business that serves a dominantly black neighborhood.
Mookie the deliveryman has a Puerto Rican girlfriend with whom they have a baby. He is aware of the sentiments that black people hold about whites but he needs a job hence he has to work for the whites to make a living. Comments like those of black people like Mother, Sister and Buggin out clearly show the reservations that blacks hold against whites despite acknowledging the importance of people like Aiello, albeit grudgingly.
Black struggles and racism The community is a reflection of the black population in the US. It brings to thefore the ills that afflict such a community. Police brutality as shown by the shooting dead of Radio Raheem’s wife which fuels the tenacity of such communities to use force as the only means of protection.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The police show little remorse as they leave his body and speed off. The touchy issue of racism and advocacy for equal rights is dominantly present throughout the film. Racism is deeply rooted in the community in the film perhaps a reflection of the American society at the time.
Through Buggin Out, Aiello’s prejudiced mentality comes out. After Buggin Out’s query as to why there are no black faces on the restaurant owner’s wall of fame, Aiello retorts that he only recognizes the achievements of his fellow Italians and by extension white people. Given that he represents whites in the film, the subtle message here is that white people think lowly of blacks.
King and Malcolm’s use Smiley sells postcards bearing the photos of Luther King and Malcolm X both of whom are black. This is comparable to recognizing Italians only faces on Aiello’s case. The resentment present in the black community and the need to have someone who represents liberation breeds adoration of the two black leaders from the black community.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther Kind are the emblems of black struggle for equality in the US. Black representation comes out through the two public figures although their approaches to black representation and liberation struggles were parallel.
Argument The use of the two black figures brings out an argument on what actually is right. Martin Luther King is known to have advocated for peaceful means to solving crises and tensions in the community especially racism. On the other hand, Malcolm X advocated for the use of force where necessary to get what one believes is rightfully his/hers. The title of the film emphasizes the importance of doing what community generally accepts as right.
This presents an argument that what is “right” is comparative. For instance, peace and equality it’s possible to achieve peace through both force and diplomatic means. It is an argument that life in this community brings out clearly. After Radio Raheem is shot, people are upset and apparently put the blame on Aiello. Objectively speaking, Aiello has little to do with Raheem’s death. The police should take most of the blame for his death. People could not listen to Da Mayor when he tries to appeal for reason.
However, the root cause of the problem is Raheem and Aiello’s approach and their provocative ways that are nowhere near diplomatic. They do not at all embody any of Martin Luther King’s principles. No one knows for sure if their violent confrontations could have produced respect and subsequent peaceful coexistence between the two.
We will write a custom Essay on Do The Right Thing Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The tragic end to Raheem’s live and Aiello’s business is quite a pointer to what violence advocated by Malcolm X is but no one knows for sure if there could have been a positive out come. Moreover, none can either deny. After all, what other form of self-defense is available to depressed people?
Philosophical Analysis on the death of Osama Bin Laden Essay (Critical Writing) college admissions essay help: college admissions essay help
Osama Bin Laden was the mastermind behind the September 11 bombings in America which left the entire America shaken. He also masterminded the 7th August 1998 in Kenya and Dar es Salaam where the American embassies were targeted. Osama is the main face behind the Al Qaeda terror group and when it was announced that after years of hunting him down, Osama had finally been killed by the United States government, there could not be any better news of the year than that.
There was celebration and jubilation the world over. But what does it mean now that the leader of the largest terror group has been killed? Is it going to be peaceful now that he is dead or will the Al Qaeda group attempt to avenge his death? This discussion takes a philosophical analysis on the death of Osama Bin Laden.
Afghanistan which had suffered various terrorist attacks that were planned by the Osama led group of Al Qaeda could not help but show their joy on the death of Osama.
Both the president of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai and his counterpart president Barrack Obama of America described the killing of the Al Qaeda leader as victory not only for Afghanistan but also for the rest of the world as well. It is now hoped that Afghanistan which has had to contend with wars and terror attacks for many years will now enjoy lasting peace. But is this really so?
It has been argued that members of the Al Qaeda terror group are much angered by the killing of their leader. For this reason, it is anticipated that they are likely to stage even more attacks to avenger for the death of their chief. Furthermore, even without revenging, it is important to remember that the Al Qaeda group is wide network of terrorists and thus killing their leader will not necessarily mean that the terror attacks are over.
The killing of Osama however was a good move because the members of the Al Qaeda are now aware that they are likely to nabbed and this may act as a discouraging factor for them to continue pursuing their ulterior motive. Coincidentally, the death of the leader of the largest terror group in the world came just a day after the Al Qaeda had vowed fresh attacks on U.S. troops in Afghanistan.
A cross- section of people seem to be having doubts regarding whether Osama Bin Laden was killed or not. They argue that since the ratings of President Barrack Obama had dropped significantly since he took office early 2009, that this was a political gimmick that would see him get all the praise for having killed the world’s most wanted criminal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More However, looking at the weight with which terror attacks by Osama have always had on America, it is obvious that such an issue would not be the subject of a political gimmick especially for America that has always remained under threat from this terror group. Confirmed reports show that DNA tests have been carried out on the body of the fallen Al Qaeda leader for purposes of verifying that indeed he is dead.
The whole world is watching with baited breath to see what happens from now on and whether the Al Qaeda will be cowed by the death of their leader.
Reflection paper: “The Death of the West” Essay essay help online free
The rationale behind reflection is to exhibit the learnt principles, speculations, and concept of bargaining as well as negotiation. One may desire to center on one particular passage or to react to the focal argument of the entire selection. It usually entails commenting on the content portrayed by the author (Palloff
How the Brain Reacts to Sexual Stimulation of the Sense of Taste Research Paper college essay help online: college essay help online
Sense of Taste The taste bud also referred to as the receptors of taste is mainly found on the tongue as well as the upper side of the mouth close to the pharynx. The basic tastes are bitter, sour, sweet and salty. In line with Crooks and Baur, the sensitivity to amino acids causes a different sensation called “umami” (2010).
The nerves below the taste glands transfer sensations to the brain, therefore the functioning of the sense of taste correlates to that of smell. Greater number of taste buds enhance better tastes since it increases sensitivity, for instance, women have more taste glands that men and are thus more sensitive to taste and smell than men (Crooks and Baur, 2010).
The lining of smell receptors in the nose cavity also has a link to the olfactory nerve that transmits sensations to the brain. The structure of the nose is special and according to Kar and Kar, the structure makes the organ to be termed “vomeronasal” due to suspicious of influencing the reproductive system (2005). Human nose is thus the main organ that determines taste and smell.
Brain’s Chemical Reactions to Taste and Smell The body’s natural lubrication and smell of sexual fluids determines attraction as well as partiality to the sexual partner. These are body chemical substances that the sexual partner either perceive or imagine through the smell or taste. The cavity is made of sensitive nerve endings that receive and transmit the pleasurable stimuli to the brain.
Origin and Existence of Sexual Stimuli Most sexual stimuli originate from central nervous system but the most fascinating factors involve how the brain is able to organize the sexual behaviours. Taste is one of the main factors that influence sexual stimulation. Both men and women experience stimulation very differently due to the differences on the concentration of taste buds.
The differences are both psychological and physical as more discoveries emerge in the haunt for understanding the causes of sexual dysfunctions. The studies are providing chances of exploring and discovering how various components of sexual arousal can occur. One of the main influences of sexual arousal is taste, which as discussed above has a very close link to smell. The diagram below shows various parts of the brain and the responses to stimuli.
Taste and smell initiates the mediation of the thoughts, emotions and fantasies required for arousal. A smell can also trigger the memory of an exiting fantasy. According to Kar and Kar, the limbic system, hypothalamus is a predominant part of the human brain that plays a vital role in sexual arousal (2005). There are neurotransmitters that receive stimuli from various sense organs such as the nose and tongue, which have high influences on sexual responses as well as arousal.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Taste as a Facilitator of Sexual Arousal Dopamine (a “catecholamine neurotransmitter”) is the main facilitator of sexual arousal in both men and women but serotonin (a compound in the brain and other body organs that acts as a neurotransmitter) provides the restrain from arousal (Kar and Kar, 2005).
The diagram shown below indicates the position of dopamine in the brain. For this reasons although the sense of touch seems to dominate majority of the stimulation among other senses, the taste and smell elicits one of the main erogenous sensory region due to high concentration of nerve endings.
People respond and react uniquely to stimulation of taste. They also respond in accordance with sexual experiences and the significance of the erotic stimulus. However, sexual arousal through natural smell and taste faces various challenges due to the cultural sensitivity to matters concerning health or personal hygiene.
The senses of smell and taste are nevertheless major contributors of human responses. Scientifically feelings can travel from the sensual organs to the brain that sends the information to the sexual organs thus eliciting sexual responses. The diagram below shows the possible pattern for the romantic and maternal love as influenced by both taste and smell as indicated by Crooks and Baur, (2010).
References Crooks, R, and Baur, K. (2010). Our Sexuality. California, CA: Cengage Learning.
Thesis Statement This book mainly focuses on the brain in relation to sexual arousal. The writers mediate through the power of thoughts, memories, emotions and fantasies in influencing arousal. According to the writing, sexual arousal depends on power of thoughts, memories, emotions and fantasies.
Main ideas One of the main ideas presented by the authors involves the processes of determining and ranking the senses of sexual arousal. According to the writing, the sense of touch dominates other senses. This is for the reason that there are various points of the skin that presents highly responsive tactical pleasing points. These areas such as palms or lips have high concentration of nerve endings and therefore the writer compares the zones to other erogenous areas of the body that have little or no erotic significance during sexual activities. Furthermore, the writers’ positions the sense of sight second from touch, since it is also a provision of stimulus that most people find to be sexual fascinating. The writers also compare the visual responses of men versus women.
Another key idea presented by the book involves the sense of smell and taste and the role this plays in influencing sexual arousal. The main predicament raised by the writers in this case involves the negative consideration of these stimuli during sexual activities due to the traditional and cultural concerns on issues relating to hygiene. Other concerns raised involve comparing the human beings to other animals, majority of which have a strong link of sexual odours to the reproduction.
The writers discuss the role played by hormones in determining sexual behaviours. At this point, there is deeper analysis and comparison between the male and female hormones.
The writers addresses the issue of sexual responses and provides a significant analysis of responses, for instance through analysis of reaction of persons in different age groups.
Evidences On sexual arousal, the writers indicate that various stimuli in the brain influence arousal and response for instance the dopamine and serotonin.
The writers are also keen to note that majority of the evidence presented on issues concerning influence of taste and smell on sexual arousal is still tentative particularly the concern that the body produces pheromones that double as sexual attractants.
The writers also indicate how most people are quick to indicate and emphasize on various fundamental differences especially sexual responses between males and females.
There is enough evidence on the issue of sexual arousal differences that are linkable to different orientations particularly the age differences.
Kar, N, and Kar, G. C. (2005). Comprehensive Textbook of Sexual Medicine. New
We will write a custom Research Paper on How the Brain Reacts to Sexual Stimulation of the Sense of Taste specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Publishers.
Thesis Statement Neurotransmitters are the main determinants of the formation of sexual patterns, caused by various simulative sense of taste.
Main Ideas The writers emphasize the functions of the brain one being the important role in human sexual arousal due to the psychological impact of smell as well as taste.
The emphasis also focuses on the limbic system and hypothalamus part of the brain as predominant structures responsible for sexual arousals.
The text has highlighted the neurotransmitters that receive stimuli from various sense organs and the influences the neurotransmitters have on sexual responses as well as arousal.
The text has a clear distinction between Dopamine and Serotonin as forms of neurotransmitter, which provides humans with a control over arousal.
Evidence in Support of Main Ideas The sexual functioning requires coordination of activities in various body organs such as negotiation of the sensory system.
Change of the cortex, adjustment of activities in the endocrine as well as the limbic system and incentive of the nervous system are the main sexual arousal coordinating aspects.
The book presents the anatomical changes of neurotransmitters.
According to the writers, Dopamine is a “catecholamine neurotransmitter” that facilitates human sexual arousal while serotonin is a compound in the brain and other body organs that acts as a neurotransmitter to provide human control over sexual arousal.
The role that the northern and southern women played in the Civil War Research Paper essay help free
It is argued that Americans thrive under crisis and that crisis yields the best from American citizens. The American civil is termed as the greatest historical event in American history. The significance of this war is that it helped form the foundation of the modern day American civilization marked by freedom, liberty for all and respect to basic human rights (Kingseed 2). Several historians as well as scholars have come forth to offer explanation about the civil.
These explanations highlight a number of issues connected to the war. Some of these issues include the social cultural perspective of the war, the economic aspects, the political dimensions of the wars and the roles that various people played in the war (Kingseed 1). Most significantly the war has been given a masculine connotation such that a lot of credit has been taken away from the involvement of both southern and northern women directly and indirectly in the war.
Studies of the civil war literature reveal that women were active participants in the war in more ways than one. It has been revealed that other than being nurses in nursing homes where they treated soldiers and other war casualties, women also acted as spies and they were also disguised as men who fought gallantly as soldiers.
The involvement of women in was necessitated by a number of factors such as defending civilian camps when men left to engage at the war fronts (Blanton 1). Other roles include cooking, cleaning as well as relief work. Thus gender roles are a significant issue in analysis of the American Civil War as women made significance contributions.
In the south the role of women took a more social economic perspective. This is true especially for the white women. The white women were divided into two social classes; the rich and the poor. The elite rich woman took a more aggitative role during the war. They nudged their men to enlist in the war as soldiers and fight for the secession of states like Georgia.
Elite women appealed to the ego and manhood of their husbands by asking them to honorably register as soldiers. When their men did this left a big gaping hole at home. These roles, among them farming, running of homes, running of business and many other that were traditionally let for men were now being played by women. Elite women thus ensured a smooth running of homes in absence of their men (Georgia Encyclopedia paras 2 – 5). As such this role greatly contributed to the victory of the Federal Forces.
While the elite women took a more active role, the middle class and poor women in the southern states bore the much of the economic grudge of the war. These women were more susceptible to the destructive effects of the war. While their elite counter parts pressed their husband to enlist in the war, these women pressed the pressed the state governments to exclude their husbands from war.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is due to the fact that they were shouldering the entire burden of feeding their families and due to the sever food shortages occasioned by the war they needed their husbands back home. They also pressed the states government for food relief and when the state government did nothing they lead food looting riots in many towns (Georgia Encyclopedia paras 7 – 9).
The success of any war depends on the roles that spies play in passing important war intelligence especially about the enemy. The American Civil War was no exception. Women provided spy services in many different ways. In some instances women would travel great distances in great peril to warn enemy forces. In 1862, a woman traversed through the woods for more than 40 kilometers to warn the union forces that the confederate forces were intending to damage the Cheat River Bridge.
Such spy work lead to the protection of the bridge by the union forces (Full Valley Archive (a) para 2). Other than travelling in person, women also wrote letters that contained war intelligence and passed it to their armies. Such letters included the letter written to the confederate forces warning of a union wagon movement through Chambersburg (Full Valley Archive (b) para 2).
It is argued that women did better espionage work than men could possibly ever do during this war. This is because women were not expected to be involved in war due to the fact that both the Confederate and the Union Forces looked down upon the involvement of women in war (Blanton para 8). The success of women spies was also reinforced by another some shrewd tactics that enemy forces were oblivious of. The tactic included the charm and the power of women seduction.
One of the renowned seductress spy was Antonia Ford, a federal sympathizer who provide lot of intelligence from the union forces. Ford is said to have used most of her time rehearsing seduction techniques that included dressing, posing and the art of seductive speech. She is said to have possessed such powers that it was so easy for her to retrieved war secrets form the Union Forces (Phillips 55). In one such incident Ford seduced the union soldier who had come to harbor in her family house.
She was able to get and convey useful information about the union’s intent of using confederate colors to confuse the Federal Forces. The consequent saving of the confederates defeat by Fords work highlight the roles that southern and northern women spies played in the war (Phillips 59).
The American Civil War has been presented as a masculine war, with the role of women obscured by men’s. Civil war researchers are of the opinion that women too emerged in front line battles as soldiers (Blanton para 1).
We will write a custom Research Paper on The role that the northern and southern women played in the Civil War specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A number of brave women were involved in military exploits as were the male soldiers. These women also suffered the same fate as their male counterparts, such as suffering in military camps as well as the mistreatment subjected to kidnapped soldiers. These women also took arms and engaged in violent confrontations with enemy forces.
Both the union and the confederate armies did not allow for enlisting of women soldiers. As such the women who intended to engage in war disguised themselves men. They even took masculine names and shed of anything that might have given their feminine identity way. All this was in the desire to help their Armies win the war. Amongst the most famous women soldiers was Mary Owens who had adopted the name John Evans (Livermore 2, 5).
Jane Schultz a professor of American and Women studies at the University of Indiana – Purdue University, Indianapolis has moved to expound a number of mythical beliefs surrounding the roles of women in the American civil war. Under her article Schultz explains that the common myth holds that only a few number of women become nurse to take care of war casualties which included soldiers.
Through out her exploration of the civil war archive the professor came up with valid evidence that proves that the union forces had employed more than 21 000 women who acted as nurses in military hospitals (Schultz para 3). Furthermore she discovered that even though the federal forces had a lesser number of women nurses, the number was no less than 10 000 women nurses (para 4).
Her evidence is backed evidences from the Full Valley Archives records. In one of the letters from Gen. Lee, a federal officer, the General notes that in one of the casualty hospitals there had been about forty nurses taking care of about 300 war casualties. This explains that the hospitals were well supplied with nurses to take care of the victims of war (Full Valley Archives (c) para 5).
Professor Schultz continues to explain that other that other key roles played by women in both the south and the north had been perceived to be minor but never the less were of utmost importance. Women also acted as cleaners, who ensured that her was proper hygiene and also provide sanitary services in hospitals (para 3).
Moreover women also acted as relief workers and as such provided relief services such as food and drugs to soldiers in battle torn regions. The social dimension of the war time society is also evident in this role. While the elite women provide relief services because they had the capacity to, their counterparts from the lower echelons of society did it for a wage. Professor Schultz findings from war time hospital cards reveals that the average woman relief worker received between 6 to 12 dollars per month (para 10).
Other than this women were also vey useful in preparing and war attires for soldiers. As such they worked in industries as seamstresses as helped in preparing military cloths (para 11). Further evidence reveals that women also acted as waitresses in army camps. As such they helped cook and serve food for army officers
Not sure if you can write a paper on The role that the northern and southern women played in the Civil War by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One of the most overtly expressed significance of the American civil war was the outcomes that helped America shape its future s a true democratic and federal state. This exemplified the fact that Americans have the ability to get the best out of a very dire situation.
However, the role of women in then war is greatly denied by scholars who have fallen short in appreciating the vital gaps that women filled to make the wars a success. Without women the war would have had severe consequences such as an unimaginable loss of human capital. This loss was curtailed by the fact that women selflessly served as nurses who helped stabilize war casualties. Other than nursing the roles of women as spies helped alter the course of the war.
The relief services that women offered were of great effect as they helped sustain armies in dire times. Furthermore these women motivated their men to enlist in the wars. Therefore the civil war in America can attribute its course to the influence of women as it can to the influence of men.
Works Cited Blanton, DeAnne. “Women Soldiers of the Civil War” Prologue Magazine, 1993. Web.
Full Valley Archive (a). “ Records Related to Augusta County Regiments.” The valley of the shadow. Web.
Full Valley Archive (b). “Records Related to Franklin County Regiments.” The valley of the shadow. Web.
Full Valley Archives (c). “Records Related to Augusta County Regiments.” The valley of the shadow. Web.
Georgia Encyclopedia. “Women during the Civil War.” 2011. Web.
Kingseed, Cole. The American Civil War. West Port, CT: Greenwood Press. 2004. Print
Livermore, Mary. My Story of the War: A Woman’s Narrative of Four Years Personal Experience. Hartford, CT: A. D. Worthington and Company. 1889. Print.
Phillips, Larissa. Women Civil War Spies of the Confederacy. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. 2004. Print
Schultz, Jane E. “Ten Common Myths about Women in the Civil War and How to Dispel Them.” Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2008. Web.
The Cause and Effect of Divorce on Children Research Paper argumentative essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Effects on Children
Introduction Although the main objectives of marriage are permanent union and healthy relationship between couples, unfortunate circumstances do arise in marriage that forces marriage partners to divorce. Psychologists and sociologists have noted that causes of divorce entail many complex issues that complicate and stall continuation of marriage. Infidelity, lack of commitment, drug abuse, poor relationships, incompatible lifestyles, abusive behaviors, and financial problems are some of the common causes of divorces in the modern society.
When divorce occurs in a family, couples are not the only ones who experience emotional and psychological suffering, but also children. Children experience traumatic experiences seeing their parents quarrel and fight until they divorce leaving them to live under single parent-families, which denies them a chance to enjoy balanced parenthood. Given that divorce rates are increasing in the modern society, what are the causes and effects of divorce on children?
Causes Psychologists and sociologists argue that causes of divorce are complex of issues that result from internal and external influences on marriage. Couples experience many challenges in their marriages that complicate their relationship status and compel them to divorce, as the only way out of the problems they face.
As mentioned above, the common causes of divorce in the modern society include infidelity, lack of commitment, drug abuse, poor relationships, incompatible lifestyles, abusive behaviors, and financial problems among other social issues. Nevertheless, research studies point at infidelity as the most common cause of divorce among young couples.
According to Stewart and Brentano, “extramarital affairs contribute about 27% of the divorce rates in the United States while domestic violence comes second with approximately 18% of divorce rates” (448).
These figures show that, the major factor that contributes to the high rates of divorce in the society is an external factor of extramarital affairs. Extramarital affairs are very common due to change in marriage lifestyles and perceptions of the society. Studies further reveal that husbands are the most unfaithful in marriages by having many partners as compared to their wives. Abusive behaviors of husbands that lead to domestic violence come second as the most cause of divorce in marriages.
Financial problems, incompatible lifestyles, drug abuse, and lack of commitment contribute to poor relationship in marriages leading to divorce. When couples experience financial problems in their marriages, they cannot agree on how to satisfy family needs; therefore, the priority of satisfying family needs creates conflict because partners feel that they are living poor lives within the marriage while divorce can offer freedom of satisfying one’s needs.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since marriage involves union, husband and wife have diverse interests in life. Clashing interests of life in marriage result into incompatible lifestyles that complicate marriage relationship. Couples who have incompatible lifestyles will not lead a happy marriage life for they will always have quarrels and disagreements that eventually end up in divorce.
Stewart and Brentano argue, “Drug abuses such as alcoholism has made couples to neglect their marital responsibilities leaving their partners lose interest with marriage life causing them to file divorce in the courts” (451). According to survey, among couples, husbands are more likely to fall into drug addiction and neglect their marital responsibilities, which push their wives to seek divorce.
Effects on Children Effects of divorce are very damaging to the growth and development of children and significantly change course of their lives. Research shows that the “effects depend on the age of the child at the time of divorce, on the child’s gender and personality, the amount of conflict between parents and the support provided by friends and family” (Temke 109). Children of two years and above can experience emotional and psychological disturbances if parents divorce.
The children at this stage are psychologically mature to understand the nature of relationships that their parents undergo and they are often depressed and traumatized when parents divorce. Preschool age children tend to blame themselves for the occurrence of divorce as they develop sense of guilt and become socially withdrawn from the family Since children are very young to endure emotional and psychological disturbances, they become depressed and their performance declines in class.
As children grow and approach adolescence, divorce experiences haunt them. They contemplate on how divorce has changed their lives in terms of increased family responsibilities and change in their lifestyles. Adolescents tend to lose meaning of life and marriage because they may leave their studies and decide never to get married in future.
“Teens experience anger, fear, loneliness, depression and guilt, some feel pushed into adulthood if they must take responsibility for many new chores or care of siblings and may doubt their own ability to get married or to stay married” (Lansdale, Cherlin,
The Baroque Period of Art Research Paper argumentative essay help: argumentative essay help
Baroque period refers to a time when artists introduced new techniques into their works. The period officially started in 1600, which means that the new trends had already been rolled out earlier. The changes in art styles were initially present in Italy, but as time moved on the trends were spread to the other parts of Europe, probably by people who had been in Italy previously.
Francesco Barromini was one of the most famous architects in this period. His career started from a very humble beginning because initially he had worked as a stone mason (All-art 1). Perhaps he worked in masonry as one way of following the foot steps of his father who was also a stone mason.
Masonry provided the stepping stone for Barromini to start a career in architecture. When he later migrated to Rome, he met Michelangelo – the patron who gave him lessons in architecture. Michelangelo was a renaissance artist who had skills in many fields ranging from painting to architecture.
Although Barromini was taught using renaissance concepts, he decided to use the new concepts, and just like other baroque painters, he was barred from displaying his works in the workshops and therefore, baroque architecture took a long time to be accepted (89). Barromini was given assignments by the Roman Catholic Church and he used such opportunities to exhibit the new trends in architecture.
In essence, the church played a major role in spreading baroque architecture because it was used as the vessel for conveying the emerging trends to the public. Most churches in Rome integrated baroque architecture into their design. Legendary artists such as Michelangelo were very conservative because even when they used new styles they still incorporated their previous styles.
The break through for Barromini came when he was asked to design the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, which was a catholic church in Rome. This church was perceived to be one of the pieces that fully reflected baroque architecture. The church was constructed on a relatively small place that is between two intersecting roads.
The lack of adequate space meant that the orientation of the structure had to be in portrait so that it could only be adjusted upwards. On the other hand, renaissance structures were broad and thus needed more space to accommodate them. Perhaps this idea was ripe for implementation because the population in urban centers was already swollen and hence buildings had to utilize the available space.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Barromini employed multiple colonnades on the walls of the San Carlo building. The colonnades were used to make the walls look ornamental which was thought to be quite appealing. The colonnades were complimented with lots of arcs which were greatly emphasized by the new styles.
The development of these styles was advocated by the public because they felt that they needed something unique to spice up their taste. Barromini incorporated sculpturing on to the walls of San Carlo and the former straight lines were replaced with curves. The buildings that were built using baroque styles commanded a lot of respect because they represented authority owing to the fact that they cost the owners more money than ordinary structures (Wellek 90).
Similarly, Thomas Hobbes was a renowned English philosopher who wrote many books during the baroque period. He played a major role in enhancing the spread of baroque period by shedding light on the importance of liberation. This is because the new styles in art were initially rejected by conservatives and government agents.
The new styles were developed through creativity, which was strongly opposed by conservatives because they wanted artists to retain old techniques. He fought hard for people to be allowed to do anything they wished as long as they did not break the law. His campaign in support of creativity led to the acceptance of new styles of art.
In conclusion, baroque architecture was very costly and that is why it was applied in public structures because only the wealthy could afford it. Artists like Borromini used the church as a tool for creating awareness about baroque architecture and it was in deed successful because later on most public buildings in Europe incorporated baroque styles in their design.
The public played a significant role because even when the authorities were receptive towards the new style they induced the artists to come up with new designs. If the public had not demanded for changes in art the baroque styles would not have been invented.
Works Cited All-art. “History of Art: Baroque and Rococo.” All-art.org.n.d. Web.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Baroque Period of Art specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Wellek, René. “The Concept of the Baroque in Literary Scholarship.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 5 (1946): 77–109.
Confidentiality in Counseling Essay best college essay help
Table of Contents Different groups
Ethical dilemma and steps
Challenges facing Confidentiality
Benefits of confidentiality
Counseling describes a method of relating and responding to other individuals with the aim of providing them with an opportunity to explore, discover, and clarify ways of living more satisfyingly and resourcefully (Bond, 2000). It depends on the context in which the word is used to derive the actual meaning. Generally, counseling is a service provided by a trained professional and it is a process that involves a series of steps.
These include identifying the problem that needs to be addressed-such problems could be from the client who needs counseling help, consider the outcome of the decision (to the client and the entire society) understanding the client, assessing ones potential competence (skills that are required to solve the current problem), consideration of ethical standards in relation to the situation. In counseling, information shared includes one’s body, mind and thoughts, beliefs, feelings and fantasies (Burnard, 2005)
Confidentiality refers to the ethical principle of not revealing information known to a given party to unauthorized parties. This principle ensures secrecy among two or more parties who share information to them. In addition, confidentiality restricts giving information to third parties.
Counseling involves so much classified information being revealed by the client. For instance, it may involve confessions and revelations of past and current situations of darkest and very sensitive high profile information of crimes, plans that are underway to achieve a given objective, secrets that could lead to arrests and prosecution by law and other forms of confidential information that should not be allowed to reach a third party.
Counseling takes on different forms depending on the situation, such as traumatic experience that has occurred in ones life, or information required on medical, career, legal, spiritual, and emotional situations that have affected a client either short or long-term.
In either situation, the information shared between the client and the professional counselor should be kept and treated with the privacy and confidentiality that is deserved with regard to conformity to legal standards that describe confidentiality (Feltham and Dryden, 2006).
Both confidentiality and privacy are integrally related. Privacy allows individuals to limit access to information about themselves whereas confidentiality allows individuals to control access of the information they have shared, hence enabling the development of client trust with the counselor (McLeod, 2004).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Different groups Counseling involves a variety of different age groups; matters that affects these groups and most of the groups that seek counseling services tend to assume that whatever they are divulging to their counselor, will be kept confidential – for children and adolescents, there are many critical issues that face them, which need that counselors maintain confidentiality in offering their services.
The adult clients are assumed rational in providing any kind of information to the counselors. Managing confidentiality in counseling minors tends to be very complex because most of them are frightened and have doubts that the information given out might be divulged to third parties, who might threaten the minors to the extent of causing more harm to them (McLeod, 2004).
Ethical dilemma and steps Having a mentally disturbed patient who suffers from paranoia, at this point, the situation needing attention is a description of paranoia, the different forms, and symptoms with the patient and how to calm the effects of paranoia. The therapist decides on the best way possible to handle the patient.
The decision made will affect both the patient and other colleagues in different ways-the patient should be informed of the measures to take when certain feelings of anxiety, fear, and or violent reactions come up. The psychologist should contact the patient’s family or friends and inform them about the consequences of the situation.
Consultations and information gathering about the issue of paranoia from other professionals, the internet, and medical literatures will enhance the process of decision making by the psychologist, in order to provide best assistance, the psychologist can also direct the patient to another professional colleague who has vast experience on such situation.
In such cases, the ethical standard of confidentiality is breached so to allow extensive acquiring and dissemination of knowledge that will be helpful in assisting both the patient and the entire community, but privacy and anonymity of patients situation should be taken into consideration.
In order to clearly understand and provide solution to the situation, the psychologist should analyze the links between family, behavior, culture, and relevant theories that correlate to the dilemma of the patient.
We will write a custom Essay on Confidentiality in Counseling specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In most cases, counseling jeopardizes a person’s feelings, rights, position, and judgment. In this situation, the psychologist should prioritize the patient’s dilemma, and consider performance to the best even if it breaches the legalities, provided it does not endanger the patient-community relation.
In offering the professional services, the psychologist should consider the role of other aspects in the community towards the decisions undertaken in the entire process, how paranoia is perceived within the cultural, religious, and social contexts, and corrective steps taken should such aspects result into conflicts, by either seeking legal assistance.
In case of unexpected results in future, the psychologist should develop alternative courses of action-if for example the services given to the paranoia patient fails, or face prejudice from community, prescription of other professional services should be advised accordingly.
The situation at hand should be looked at and advised within a larger perspective in consideration to the effects and those affected by the decision; the process should accommodate and harmonize the perspectives of all the members involved in counseling. All the decisions made by the professional counselor should be undertaken in consideration of personal responsibility to the latter, through reconciliatory means in consideration to ethical code, response, and actions.
The possible outcome and the eventuality of the results should be evaluated by the psychologist in terms of the overall action taken in providing counseling services to the paranoia patient and the results, if negative, other cause of action should be prescribed to correct the situation of either the patient, conflict from society, legal issues, and other areas.
The above processes should be followed by the psychologist to ensure that the decision taken in order to assist the paranoia patient does not compromise the safety of all the parties involved. In addition, the services provided help the patient’s life in future; it will ensure that future challenges are overcome in a conflict free environment while guaranteeing better professional services to patients (Pope, Vasquez, 2007, p.111).
Challenges facing Confidentiality Sometimes, in the counseling process, not all the information is availed by the client and such information could be needed for different issues to take place. For example, a client who has been severally abused sexually by his/her parents, or a stranger for that matter could hide such information from the counselor due to the relation that exists between the client and the perpetrator.
This hidden information is required by the counselor and medical practitioners to prescribe medication and other measures for the client. Hence, the counselor might opt to get the information from a third party to be able to ensure the success of counseling. Such a situation breaches confidentiality of the information for both parties.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Confidentiality in Counseling by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Parental consent – Parental consent is needed from parent or guardian before entering counseling relationship especially in cases where the minors are considered not to make informed decisions about certain issues. However, their inclusion in the counseling process might restrict some information form the minors and as a result breaching confidentiality of the entire process.
Competency (Age limits) – where the client is a minor, an adult has a great influence towards confidentiality. For minors who are seen as irrational in terms of revealing information and making decisions, the confidentiality is not guaranteed to some extent because a third party has to be involved in such a context to reveal or confirm certain information. The competency of age determines the confidentiality of the counseling process.
Legal issues – Matters concerning the various laws of any given state influence confidentiality in a way; for example, in cases of minor pregnancy, the minor might refuse to inform her parents about the plans for an abortion or even the pregnancy. Thus, if the abortion goes out of hand, the counselor is held responsible by law as for not informing the parents. Moreover, privacy rights influence confidentiality in counseling.
Decisions making models – Several models are used by counselors to promote the clients welfare depending on the situation at hand. Here, complexity of the situation and information provided by the client would influence the use of a third party.
Privileged communication – This refers to the rights that protect clients from disclosing information during legal proceedings without informed consent (Pat, 1998).
Confidentiality in various situations is breached, such as where it has involved notifiable diseases and the entire society has to be informed of the disease and its dangers.
Other situation involve the births and deaths of individuals by the clients, information given to the police officers due to accidents and or crime, court orders which would require that certain information be made available to third parties, and where the professionals have to share certain information. All these forms result in breaching of confidentiality in any cases of counseling (Palmer, 1997).
Benefits of confidentiality The client benefits from confidentiality during the counseling process in that, the client has a secure environment to give a full and frank account of issues pertaining to the problems they are facing. In other words, the client has someone whom he or she can accord trust for counseling services. Confidentiality supports public confidence and trust in both counseling and the general healthcare services. It expresses mutual respect for the client or patient, and the autonomy of the patient is guaranteed.
Confidentiality also guarantees the clients’ beneficence, non-maleficence (no intentions of harming the client whatsoever), justice and equal treatment and fidelity (loyalty, reliability and action in good faith). In certain cases, confidentiality reduces chances of the client being vulnerable to certain risks that may arise if the information revealed is made public and or relayed to a third party.
Confidentiality ensures that the clients’ situation is dealt with, however nasty it may look to the client, and hence reduces chances of certain solvable situations worsening and becoming catastrophic in future. Clients are able to access professional assistance without the fear of victimization, and hence the reduction of the guilty conscience in the clients’ lives (Poon, 2003).
Conclusion Counseling involves numerous services that are provided to the clients by professional counselors. These services concern and influence a persons taste, beliefs, thoughts, and fantasies.
Confidentiality greatly influences the entire process of counseling, as the client and the professional counselor have to build and maintain trustworthy ground of access to information from both parties for the entire process to be successful.
Different groups influence the extent of confidentiality during the counseling process, hence resulting into variation of management of confidentiality among the different groups.
There are situations where confidentiality needs to be breached in order to get specific information about certain issues, and also to solve and prevent the occurrence of catastrophes in the entire society from the influence of information provided by the client. The clients benefit from confidentiality in many different ways. In counseling, the professionals should adhere and strictly maintain and ensure that privacy and confidentiality of the process is maintained to the latter, as this ensures the success of the counseling process.
References Bond, T. (2000). Standards and ethics for counseling in action. London: Sage. Web.
Burnard, P. (2005). Counseling skills for health professionals. London: Nelson Thornes Ltd. Web.
Feltham, C., and Dryden, W. (2006). Brief counselling: a practical, integrative approach. Berkshire: McGraw-Hill International. Web.
McLeod, J. (2004). The counsellor’s workbook: developing a personal approach. Berkshire: McGraw-Hill International. Web.
Palmer, S. (1997). Handbook of counseling. London: Routledge. Web.
Pat, L. (1998). Counseling Minors: Ethical and Legal Issues. Counseling and Values, Vol, 42, Issue 3. Web.
Poon, S., M. (2003). Counseling “for life enrichment faith, hope, and love.” Singapore: All Nations Enterprise Ltd. Web.
Pope, S., K., Vasquez, T., J. (2007). Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling. CA: John Wiley
Logic in Islam and Number of Islamic Theologians Research Paper writing essay help: writing essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Evolution of Islamic Logic
Concept of Islamic Logic
Introduction Islamic logic is a philosophical concept in Islamic theology and philosophical beliefs that guided great philosophers in achieving wisdom for them to understand philosophical and theological problems such as nature of humanity, existence of universe and societal ethics. Islamic philosophy does not only deal with the religious issues of Muslims, but also educational issues as philosophers want to unravel all mysterious in universe and society.
In ancient times, Islamic philosophers obtained their philosophical beliefs and ideologies from Greek philosophy, Indian philosophy, oriental philosophy, and the Quran.
Combination of the diverse philosophical ideologies resulted into Islamic logic, which has made marked contribution in the Islamic philosophy. “Historians of logic have long recognized that the medieval Muslim philosophers and philosophical theologians rendered variously as rationalist theologians, dialectical theologians and the ‘scholastics’ of Islam made some interesting contributions to the history of logic” (Corazzon 4).
The Islamic logic flourished between 8th and 12th centuries culminating into Islamic Golden Age that revolutionized Islamic philosophy and theology. Great philosophers like Al Kindi (801-813), Al Farabi (872-951) Avicenna Sina (980-1037) and Averroes Rushd (1126-1198) made significant contribution in the evolution of Islamic logic. Therefore, this essay examines evolution of Islamic logic and Islamic theologians who made significant contribution in the Islamic theology.
Evolution of Islamic Logic Islamic logic is very important in modern philosophy because it forms part of the evolution of philosophical logic in the world of philosophy. Great Muslim philosophers and theologians concertedly worked together during the 8th and 15th centuries leading to the development of the philosophy.
As aforementioned, in the ancient times, Muslim philosophers and theologians relied on Greek philosophy, Indian philosophy, oriental philosophy and the Holy Quran in establishing Islamic philosophy with logic being the central aspect. Corazzon argues that, “when the Greek logical works were handed to the Muslim scholars in translation in and after the 9th century A.D., they studied them thoroughly and critically and wrote commentaries upon them” (8).
The commentaries have now become part of Islamic logic that revolutionized Islamic philosophy during the 12th century when theologians came up with novel philosophical ideologies. Muslim philosophers delved on life’s mysteries such as existence, creation, human nature, determinism, and divine knowledge using logic. Logicians and theologians worked together in establishing philosophical ideologies that has become cornerstone in the modern philosophy.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Muslim philosophers during the 8th and 12th century dealt with two main philosophical ideologies, Kalam and Falsafa. Kalam philosophy involved unraveling of theological mysteries while Falsafa involved analysis and interpretation of Neo-Platonism and Aristotelian philosophies of Greek.
The Muslim philosophers aimed at merging diverse philosophical ideologies and incorporating them into Muslim religion. Other philosophers also benefited from Islamic perspective of philosophy as they struggled to unravel mysteries behind life, existence, human nature, and divine knowledge. In order to build philosophical foundation of logic, great philosophers established schools where harmonization of diverse philosophical ideologies from different parts of the world took place.
The philosophers recognized that, “modern scientific process may generate universally quantified assertions which are considered objectively valid was unknown in the days when syllogistic logic came under attack of Arabic scholars” (Bergstra 3). Thus, great philosophers like Al Kindi (801-813), Al Farabi (872-951) Avicenna Sina (980-1037) and Averroes Rushd (1126-1198) established ancient schools of philosophy that aided development of Islamic philosophy.
The development of Kalam and Falsafa formed the foundation of logic during the 11th century as the head of Avicennian School of philosophy Al Ghazali introduced the concept of Islamic logic into Madrasah as a curriculum for children to understand their religion and universe.
The curriculum worked tremendously and led to the development of rational movement that advocated for the introduction and incorporation of Islamic logic into various aspects of curricula. Coupled with the emergence of Greek and oriental philosophies, the Muslim theologians dedicated their time in harmonization of diverse philosophical ideologies into their religion.
Herbert argues, “…systematic attempt undertaken by Al-Ma’mun who, being fascinated by the practical use of Greek philosophy and sciences, had issued the explicit policy of the state to promote the significance of the adoption of the ‘foreign culture’” (13). Therefore, promotion of foreign philosophical ideologies and incorporation into Madrasah led to evolution of Islamic logic.
Concept of Islamic Logic The philosophical concept of Islamic logic has four aspects viz. historic logic, holistic logic, real logic, and crescent-star logic, and they all give evolution of Islamic logic across over time. Historic logic forms the infancy of part of logic development that is between the 8th and 15th century. During this period of historic logic, the dominant philosophies were Arabian, Greek, Welsh, Roman, and French. The evolution of Islamic logic in this period occurred very rapidly due to the establishment of schools and expansion of Islamic religion.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Logic in Islam and Number of Islamic Theologians specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Muslim theologians seized the opportunity of philosophical revolution in carrying out in-depth studies of divine knowledge, and unraveling mysteries of life such as existence and the nature of human beings. Bergstra posits that, “Islamic logic as accumulated some 1000 years ago is comparable to what today is called informal logic rather than formal logic or to philosophical logic” (5). Though Islamic logic forms basis of modern philosophical logic, critics consider it informal and thus irrelevant in the modern philosophy.
Holistic logic is a Muslim philosophical concept that involves application of logic in theology with the objective of understanding mysteries of life and divine requirements. On the other hand, the Avicennian logic is a combination of theological and general philosophy that helped in the spread of Islamic religion.
Since Islamic philosophy is central to Islamic religion, theologians did apply Islamic logic holistically in resolving philosophical problems such as creation and existence of the universe. During this period, theologians focused their teachings on the need to have wisdom. Given that Islamic logic was the only effective philosophical ideology in Islamic religion, many people flooded Madrasah and schools to attain wisdom. Theological wisdom was very critical because it enhanced spiritual status of the Muslims.
As part of holistic logic, “development of Kalam in the Muslim world was not only triggered by an external factor of Greek writings but also by an internal factor, namely the need for the art of debate in defending their views against their adversaries” (Herbert 15). Hence, Islamic logic was very essential in spreading and defending Islamic religion.
Real Islamic logic focused on core Islamic values and identity. Muslim philosophers studied philosophy and established philosophical logic as a way of understanding divine mysteries and world’s wisdom. Aristotelian logic inspired Muslim philosophers to form real Islamic logic in terms of language, theology, metaphysics, and epistemology.
“In the spirit of Aristotle, they considered the syllogism to be the form to which all rational argumentation could be reduced, and they regarded syllogistic theory as the focal point of logic” (Bergstra 19). Thus, real Islamic logic was an instrument of rational argumentation in the development of knowledge, theological principles, and advancement of Islamic philosophy.
Crescent-star logic is an Islamic logic development model that is very important in developing of societal structures like finance, religion, courts, and social institutions that are essential in Islamization.
Muslim philosophers and theologians worked together in building societal structures that are critical in Islamization of traditions so that they can be in tandem with modern philosophy. Crescent logic is a versatile concept of philosophy that is applicable in controversial or opposing ideologies that often results into dilemma as in justice system and in theological analysis.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Logic in Islam and Number of Islamic Theologians by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More “Progress in Crescent-star logic may help to improve the usage of logic for the application in Islamic courts because it uses and integrates several logical themes which must come together forming a complex of reasoning methods of uncommon complexity” (Bergstra 7). Muslim philosophers and theologians applied crescent logic to build social institutions such as Madrasah, schools, religious and justice system in order to enhance human development in the society.
Conclusion The Islamic logic originated from ancient philosophers of 8th to 12th century who came up with Kalam and Falsafa as foundations of explaining ancient mysteries and knowledge. Islamic logic then built from the philosophical ideologies of Kalam and Falsafa. These ideologies evolved with time and by the 12th century, they resulted into great revolution of Islamic religion and philosophy.
Muslim philosophers and theologians took advantage of the philosophical revolution to spread Islam and develop social institutions. Islamic logic then became an important component of theology and education for it enhanced human development. Currently, the Islamic logic contributes significantly to the foundation of modern philosophy.
Works Cited Bergstra, Aldert. “Real Islamic Logic.” Journal of Islamic Philosophy 47.29 (2009): 1-42.
Corazzon, Raul. “Ancient Islamic Logic and Ontology.” Theory and History of Ontology, 2005: 1-46.
Herbert, Davidson. “Modern Views on the Origin of Islamic Theology.” Journal of the
American Oriental Society 4.6 (2002):1-33.
Employee benefits, Unemployment insurance and workers compensation Term Paper college essay help near me: college essay help near me
Table of Contents Unemployment Insurance
Employee benefits also known as fringe benefits are non-wage compensations provided by the employer exclusive of their normal earnings. These benefits differ from country to country depending on the country’s laws. Employee benefits are not counted as part of salary or wages earned by the employees and are provided to the employees in exchange for their contribution towards the organization. Common examples of employee benefits include leave pays, health insurance, pensions, stock options, vacation fees among others.
Besides these benefits, which are referred to as tangible ones, there are other intangible benefits like promotions, or employer’s oral appreciation. In addition to employees’ benefits, there is worker’s compensation that has been made a legal requirement and therefore every employer is required by the law to comply that includes salaries, wages and tips. These compensations are direct payments to employees for the job they have done (Lohr 43).
Employee benefits motivate employees and improve their productivity towards their organizations. Studies have indicated that organizations that offer good employee benefits tend to retain workers easily than those offering poor benefits. Employee benefits serve as saving schemes to employees for instance retirement benefits and provide financial security to retired employees and their families (Bojas 75). There are several ways through which employee benefits are provided or implemented.
They can be through group insurance plan whereby the concerned parties make their contributions jointly, retirement plans initiated, or benefits are automatically determined by the employer based on their policies. Group insurance plan is renewed on an annual basis and is cheaper for an individual’s working career. There is also universal life insurance that incorporates both insurance and saving components.
Upon the maturity of the agreed period, the person is given his savings plus accrued interests and therefore these schemes are more of an investment than insurance. There are group disability-income insurance schemes paid on a weekly or monthly basis as long as the individual was contributing premiums up to hi/her death. They are either short-term or long-term. Some organizations have introduced cafeteria plans that help employees to choose the benefits that best suit their requirements.
Unemployment Insurance In some industrialized countries, governments have introduced special unemployment insurance that refers to weekly or monthly cash benefits to workers who are involuntarily unemployed. In United States, it is known as unemployment compensation. It is usually given to those unemployed people who cannot find available jobs and are willing to work to enable them earn their living (Bojas 34).
This is because unemployment is termed as a fundamental risk and the fact that it cannot be insured. In most cases, these programmes are state based since commercial insurance is not able to cover them. The objectives of putting up these programmes are to ensure basic human needs are adequately met for the maintenance of peace and order in the society.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These programmes also help to provide income to those individuals that are involuntarily unemployed in the short-run. Other objectives are to encourage government and other employers stabilize employment opportunities for the people hence creating jobs for the unemployed workers and economic stabilization during hard economic times i.e. recession and depression.
Unemployment insurance covers all the private organizations, central government, local authorities as well as non-governmental organizations. There are well down laid procedures, systems and norms for their administration and coverage. However, proper eligibility criteria must be established to determine who qualifies to be an unemployed worker. Periodic cash benefits are given as per the pre-determined formula.
Workers Compensation Sometimes workers may be injured in their job places or even fall sick while still at work. In other instances, an employee may even die due to job related accidents (Bojas 34). These are risk factors and workers need to be assured of some forms of compensations incase of contingencies before undertaking their jobs because economic insecurity might arise.
In such cases, workers are compensated through social insurance programmes to provide medical care or cash benefits to the victims. Laws have been enacted to ensure that fairness and justice prevails to those who fall sick or get injured at their work places. These also address the disabled workers and prevent employers from intimidating their employees (Lohr 43). One of the objectives of these programmes is to provide a comprehensive cover for job related misfortunes.
They also protect employees against any possible loss of income. Disputes between employers and employees are reduced and people’s safety properly guaranteed. The specific employees’ compensation law provides for several benefits that an employee is entitled to for instance medical care, death benefits among others. Disabled people have to be recognized in the society and their presence appreciated by providing relevant benefits to them.
They might be temporarily disabled or permanently disabled and some weekly cash benefits need to be paid to them. All the three discussed social welfare programmes are what differentiates good employers from bad ones (Lohr 43). Employers that implement appropriate packages for employee benefits and workers’ compensations have had good performance and reputable images due to higher attraction of employees.
Works Cited Bojas George J. Labor Economics. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2002.
We will write a custom Term Paper on Employee benefits, Unemployment insurance and workers compensation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lohr, Kathy. Unemployed without benefits: A Couple’s Struggle. National Public Radio. Web.
The Problem of Global Racism in Modern World Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Rise of racism
Introduction Racism can be defined as a set of beliefs or a doctrine, which creates a notion that persons are distinct due to their phenotypic differences. It appreciates the reality of race to inflict a sense of superiority. Racism have existed as long as human beings whose history is marked by several incidences of prejudice and stereotyping. It is attributed as the resultant of unrest, which causes countries to create specific legal codes. Racism is a concept used to generally to describe negative attitudes pointed to a given ethnic group.
For instance, the most renowned instance of racism in human history is the issue of slavery where the blacks were regarded as sub-human only fit to be traded as properties and most importantly, to labor in the white man’s farms. Racism was at peak during the 20th century during the rein of ‘overtly racist regimes’ (Fredrickson 1). In South America, segregation laws and denial of voting rights on blacks resulted to them being regarded as of low-class irrespective of efforts to curb racial disparity through constitutional amendments.
Racism Ideology Racism can be traced during slavery in the capitalist society facilitated by imperialists, which justified the vice terming it as a right. Blacks were oppressed and termed as biologically inferiors intellectually, in culture and politics. As civilizations dawned, the blacks recognized their rights and tried to fight for liberalization. Racists try to justify their acts, which constitute racism as an ideology thorough stating that this group of people is less human and therefore inferior, fit to be ruled by the superior races i.e. the white supremacy.
Victims as a result, remain subjugated and more oppression is directed towards them where racism became a usual subject, while the victims perceive themselves as racially distinctive. Racists points out that the victimized race lack the potential to avoid racists attitudes subjected towards them. This is victim blaming and is so prevalent in the modern world and shapes up the racism ideology currently put in place (Andersen
Special Places to Relax best essay help: best essay help
Living under stress and tension has become the norm rather than the exemption for most people struggling to meet daily work demands and other family and personal responsibilities. Available knowledge demonstrates that although working is a critical component for our survival, relaxing and letting off steam is equally important as it promotes healthy lifestyles as well as provides the body with ample time to refresh and reenergize itself.
There exists a wide variety of special places where people go to relax or find inspiration, such as museums, game parks, zoos, social networking sites, religious sites, libraries, bars and hotel lounges, and nature walks, among others. Individual preferences and tastes play a contributing factor in selecting a place to relax and get inspiration from.
In my view, social networking sites, zoos, libraries and museums provides the much needed relaxation and inspiration to enable one focus on the demands of tomorrow. Visiting social networking sites offer great relaxation in that one is able to share with friends about the challenges and fears of life.
Some social networking sites, such as Facebook, LinkedIn and Tweeter, offers interactive platforms that enables one to while away time in a much more beneficial way than sleeping since you get a chance to not only update yourself in regard to current occurrences, but you also get to share knowledge in a far relaxing state away from the limitations of the traditional classroom.
What’s more, social networking sites provides one with a platform to relax while sharing and networking with friends with whom you share similar interests and passions.
Visiting zoos and museums, in my view, is the most appreciated way to relax and also learn, albeit informally. The experience of feeding bananas to animals in the zoo sweeps one away from the hassles of the physical world to a splendid, warm and almost supernatural world where you instantaneously forget your troubles and enjoy the offerings and wonders of the world to unimaginable limits.
It is imperative to note that zoo and game park visits are also inspirational in nature by the very fact that you get to see how animals interact and socialize with each other. Museums are places where you get to feel and experience our cultural wealth in a manner that is hard to copy in the physical world. The artifacts and tools used in ancient times provides a strand of inspiration on how civilizations have progressed over time and what we are able to achieve as we continue to interact with the environment.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Libraries, in my view, are places where people should visit not only for formal educational purposes, but also to relax and acquaint themselves with content in their own free time. Some libraries offer a cool and enticing environment where one can unwind while perusing through the pages of a classical William Shakespeare’s novel or a magazine of the latest technological trends.
The knowledge gained during such experiences provides an individual with inspiration to not only read for the purposes of passing examinations, but also to read as a way of internalizing the learning culture. The above discussed places, in my view, are very special when it comes to relaxing and finding inspiration.
The Tale of Kieu Essay essay help site:edu
The Tale of Kieu is full of characters, producing long-lasting impressions upon the reader and Dam Tien is one of them, even despite the fact that its role is only supplementary. Dam Tien is an apparition or a ghost that tells the fortune of other people; it represents itself in the form of a young woman.
Nguyễn Du first mentions this character when Kieu finds her grave. This ghost appears to her and makes a prophecy about the course of major character’s life. In particular, she says that Kieu will have to undergo a great number of hardships and miseries before she eventually finds happiness and love.
It should be noted that the author provided us with biographical details about this character. In the past, she was a singer, “renowned for looks and gifts” (Nguyễn
The Spread of Democracy Research Paper college admission essay help
Table of Contents Introduction
Evolution and Development of Democracy
The Democratic Peace Theory
The Spread of Democracy and Peace
The War and Peace Zones
International Institutions and the Spread of Democratic Peace
Introduction Years back, the general perception of democracy by most countries was that a democratic system of governance was only possible under particular socio-economic and cultural conditions and thus a preserve for the rich western countries. However, democracy characterized by regular free and fair elections is common in most countries today, with majority of them being poor developing nations.
Increasingly, democracy is becoming a universal concept as opposed to the earlier beliefs that it is a preserve for rich industrialized nations. In non-democratic countries, democratic movements are a common occurrence, where the citizenry demand freedom and expansion of the democratic space as a way of promoting peace and development.
Although the spread of democracy depends on internal attributes or societal factors within a nation, international influence also promotes the spread of democracy in non-democratic countries. Given the rapid global spread of democracy, multilateral assistance is important to promote democracy in non-democratic and autocratic countries. Democracy leads to peace either nationally or between countries, thus contributing to regional stability.
Evolution and Development of Democracy The social origins of democracy involved a revolutionary shift of the relative importance accorded to individuals by the society to a collective system where the rights and interests of all the society members were upheld.
The expansion in the democratic space gave rise to democratic forms of governance that contributed to the developments in the various aspects of the society. It contributed to developments in science, education, economy and culture in ancient world (Russett, and Oneal 2001, 112).
The earlier democratic forms of governance particularly the American democratic revolution, led to the rise of Renaissance in the field of science, religious reformation and the rise of capitalistic economies in earlier democracies. In the non-democratic governance, the social elite including the military or religious personalities or royalties ruled the countries.
The revolutionary shift particularly in Western Europe in the last century intended to advocate for the recognition of the rights of the individuals from the ruling elite and in the process give more power to the people. During this shift, political democratic institutions emerged to advocate for the interests, values, and rights of the people from the authoritarian leadership.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This shift was gradual, characterized by shift of power from a centralized system to the society. The military or monarchial rule gave way to the rule by the rich and wealthy traders in the society who comprised the majority of the earlier parliament. Later, the need for the recognition of universal rights and freedoms for all individuals necessitated the distribution of power to the commercial class and much later extended to all citizens.
The origin of democracy can be linked to the ancient city of Athens in Greece. The emphasis on freedom and earlier religious and philosophical studies in Greece coupled with the need for freedom of worship and trial by a competent judicial system contributed to the rise of democracy in this ancient civilization. The increasing concern over autonomy helped grow and stabilize independence that was a critical ingredient in major achievements in the field of politics and science.
In ancient Rome, the governance included aristocratic and democratic principles with the aim of promoting a collective welfare of all the members of the society. During this period, the empire enjoyed relative peace compared to the other nations in Europe. However, much of the rulers of the Roman Empire disrespected the rights of individuals leading to the collapse of the empire.
With the fall of the Roman Empire, political absolutism took over suppressing the individual rights and liberties. After the fall of the Roman rule, the security of the people in Europe was compromised giving way to protection by warlords in exchange for payment. Individuals submitted to authoritarian leadership of monarchs and appointed priests, thereby depriving the populace of their individual civil rights and privileges.
The economic development and religious practices were under control of these rulers. Economic freedom contributed to the rise of democratic governance in most civilizations of the ancient world. The growth in trade characterized by the use of a common currency shifted power and dependence from the monarchic leaders leading to wealthy merchants giving rise to a form of individualism, where the rich merchants enjoyed certain privileges.
The shift from a centralized power system to the new system characterized by economic freedom encouraged the social development and development of individual enterprises. The economic freedom also contributed to Renaissance financed by the wealth merchants giving way to a change in human thinking and social organizations. Learning, particularly of philosophical concepts and languages provided the means of spreading new ideas on governance to all parts of a society contributing to breaking the prevalent political ideologies.
The increase in knowledge freed people from the religious and absolutistic control by demanding the recognition of individual rights and liberties from the ruling class. The intellectual and economic development in Europe led to religious reformation where the authority previously centralized in religious institutions, shifted to individuals giving rise to the democratic governance.
We will write a custom Research Paper on The Spread of Democracy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Democratic Peace Theory The democracies of the world seldom engage in international conflicts or wars between them as supported by empirical data research. This phenomenon shows a direct relationship between growth and expansion of democratic ideologies with peace or relative stability of a country or a region. In addition, the empirical research evidence suggests that violent actions are rare within democracies as opposed to aristocratic or purely monarchial countries. The democratic peace theory is based on Immanuel Kant’s philosophical ideas.
Immanuel Kant in the 16th century postulated the idea that the establishment of democratic republics could contribute to world peace. He believed that with democratic governance, people will see no reason to go to war or engage in a conflict, unless in self-defense (Kant 1991, 106). If there is relative peace in a country or a region, wars could be limited if not eliminated. Kant’s ideas gave rise to the modern democratic peace theory, which claims that democracies rarely engage in wars.
The democratic peace theory holds that democracies do not engage in war between themselves although they may engage in war with non-democracies. Empirical evidence supports this claim to some extent.
The proponents of the democratic peace attribute the lack of war in democracies or friendly relations between democracies to the peaceful conflict resolution mechanisms inherent in democratic societies or restraining public opinion. The democracies opt for peaceful means of solving internal political conflicts through mediation and dialogue rather than war or civil conflict.
Additionally, democracies engage in bilateral or multilateral trade, which eliminates chances of going to war in case of strained relations. Democracies also have established democratic institutions including a free electoral process and an influential legislature that deter the government from going into war.
The democratic peace theory advances two important reasons as to why democracies seldom engage in war with each other. Firstly, the democratic institutions in democracies deter these nations from engaging in war.
According to Doyle, basing his argument on Kant’s philosophy, the democracies fail to go to war with each other because in a democracy, the leadership is answerable to the citizenry (Doyle 1983, 323). If the democratic government unilaterally decides to go to war against the public opinion, it faces the risk of removal from power through elections.
In addition, democracies allow the public opinion to be incorporated into a country’s foreign policy hence reducing or eliminating the chances of going into war. The domestic political structures in democratic countries also contribute to avoidance of war by democratic nations as it increases political competition between the incumbent government and the opposition.
Not sure if you can write a paper on The Spread of Democracy by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second reason advanced by the proponents of the democratic peace theory involves the inherent social and cultural practices that promote peaceful resolution of conflicts allowing rival parties within a nation to reach a compromise, which is then extended to other democratic countries.
In addition, democracies also develop a positive perception of each other pertaining justice and conflict resolution within their boundaries, which encourage peaceful resolution of a common conflict. Democratic states also cooperate in many aspects, particularly in trade, because of common interests leading to a community of states with common interests that prevent wars among them or with other democratic states.
The critics of the democratic peace theory, among them Christopher Layne, argue that democracies fail to engage in wars because of other reasons other than those advanced by the democratic peace theory. The crises in democracies do not often result to war because of various reasons. Layne posits, the crisis between the “Great Britain and France in 1898, which have the most developed democracies in the world, did not result to war because the British war machinery was simply overwhelming” (1994, 43-44).
Other critics argue that, only interstate wars conform to the democratic peace theory and that internal dispute resolution in a democratic nation cannot be attributed to democratic peace theory by considering the civil wars in democratic states such as the American Civil War of 1861-1865. This challenges the applicability of the democratic peace theory in internal disputes of democratic nations.
In contrast, non-democracies lack democratic norms of compromise and peaceful resolution of conflicts or crises. They are, therefore, war-prone and can engage in war with democratic states. Democratic states on the other hand exercise restraint when in a conflict with a non-democratic nation.
However, the democratic nation may go into war with a non-democratic nation if the expectations are not met or if the non-democratic state takes advantage of the moderation exercised by the democratic nation. Thus, according to the democratic peace theory, democratic nations develop peaceful relations with each other but behave differently to other non-democratic states.
The Spread of Democracy and Peace The spread of democracy termed democratization began in the last century from a few democracies but spread to the current state where more than 50% of all the states are democratic republics. The spread of democracy even to non-democratic nations is partly dependent on the democratic nature of the surrounding nations or region.
The democratization of a non-democratic nation is enhanced when the surrounding nations are democracies (Kant 1991, 114). Conversely, a democratic state surrounded by authoritarian countries will most likely revert to non-democratic practices. The democratic states increased sharply after World War I but fell in the advent of World War II. At the end of the Cold War, the number of world democracies has continued to increase.
The democratization process and its contribution to peace are best explained by the classical theory by Immanuel Kant (Kant 1991, 112). Kant advanced a series of democratic processes that would eventually result to peace. Firstly, Kant argued that the idea of development of a peaceful democratic community would encourage the elimination of non-democratic ideologies.
He also considered the contribution of democracy based on democratic norms to the process of democratization and peace following an evolutionary pattern. However, the major concern is whether democratization reduces the chances of a nation engaging in warfare. Empirical evidence indicates that dictatorships increase the chances of a country going into civil war or engaging in war with other nations.
Democracy often in the Western world entails freedom of expression and association by all the citizens within a nation and people-driven governance characterized by free and fair elections. However, the role of democracy in the spread of peace within nations and between democracies is often contentious. Historically, democracy was a revolutionary and social movement whose main aim was to break away from the authoritarian rule in most countries.
The major reason for the rapid spread of democracy is that democracies rarely go to war. However, critics argue that established democracies do not engage in war with each other not because they uphold democratic principles, but because they have common trade and social institutions even within their borders.
While it is evident that democracy promotes peace and integration both nationally and internationally, new rivalries between states might generate interstate wars. During the Cold war, the rivalries between powerful democratic nations such as Russia and China led to minor wars and border insecurity.
Despite democracy being one way of solving interstate conflicts and achieving peace, in my opinion, democratization alone does not normally result to avoidance of wars. Countries that boast of internal democracy engage in warlike actions with their neighboring countries, which is a pointer that democracy does not always lead to peace like the tensions between India and Pakistan. Additionally, democracies just like military leaderships can opt for war, to improve their popularity among the electorate within a country.
The old regimes within democratic countries also manipulate democracy by engaging in war with neighboring states or against minority society within the democratic nation. In other emerging democracies, the regime, which is normally inclined towards authoritarian rule, uses the electoral process to consolidate power over the people with less regard to fundamental individual rights and liberties.
In my opinion, it is difficult to convince non-democratic states that democracy is beneficial compared to authoritarian rule. The ruling elite in democratic countries often use democracy and democratization as means of legitimizing cruelty and tyranny to its citizens. In some cases, the leaders exercise authority over the electoral process making it impossible to conduct free and fair elections.
In addition, in these countries, the freedom of the media is minimal and the opposition parties often face mistreatment from the governing party. In developed democracies, the threats of war with minority dissidents or with neighboring countries are common. Thus, the notion that democracy contributes to peace is not always right.
Indeed, in the modern era, democracy is used as one way of seeking international recognition by breakaway states while at the same time committing various acts of atrocity. This, in my opinion, further complicates the notion of democratic peace as held by the Western powerful democracies.
The leaders of the breakaway nations use ‘democracy’ as the reason for seeking independence from the dominating state. However, in the process of democratization, the minorities are forced out of the territory as the leadership seeks to establish a homogeneous ethnic group to bolster their political interests.
Forced expulsion or genocide of the minority communities is committed in order to attain a uniform state comprising of a single ethnic group. After the atrocities, performed in the name of democracy, a referendum is held to confirm the majority rule of the new state.
The War and Peace Zones Modern democracy and peace belong to the new world order. Given that democracy alone faces challenges in achieving universal peace even between industrialized nations, the real world order provides an ideal way for countries to regulate its institutions in the wake of globalization in the 21st century.
This can be achieved through intergovernmental cooperation. In addition, the real world order provides means of engaging the non-democratic institutions through use of international institutions. Under the new world order, the international institutions such as the United Nations, undertake the role of ensuring peace and security of the nations with the support of developed nations.
However, the world order faces challenges amongst them, the unpopularity of the concept. In addition, centralized rulemaking body requires universal participation by all the member states including the non-democratic states. The major challenge includes the fact that the United Nations cannot operate effectively without support from the powerful democracies neither will the states approve overall authority to this international body that would compromise their sovereignty.
The common belief that the new world order will bring universal peace even to authoritarian-ruled countries is based on the democratic peace theory, which postulates that democracies seldom engage in war amongst themselves.
While democracies may engage in war with non-democracies, they abstain from engaging in war amongst themselves hence establishing a ‘zone of peace’. The zone of peace will keep on expanding with the spread of democracy until universal peace and democracy is attained in all regions of the globe through an international federation.
The notion of a zone of peace, established under a democracy, began in the eighteenth century based on the Kant’s ideologies about the democratic peace and the idea of a global federation. The origin of the idea for a common federation has its roots from military alliances common in the sixteenth century.
The military alliances promoted peaceful resolution of conflicts by allowing enemy states to cooperate. However, the new world order bases its quest for global peace through international institutions, while Kant’s theory holds that universal peace can be attained through the establishment of democratic republics in the countries of the world.
In addition, the peace theory , which advocates for the formation of an international federation to enhance peaceful coexistence among nations, claims that democratic nations act only peacefully towards each other but can fight with non-democratic nations. However, Kant expected democratic nations to behave peacefully towards all the other nations, whether democratic or non-democratic as a way of achieving global peace.
Democracies often remain peaceful unless they are attacked or threatened by regimes from non-democratic nations. Under the democracy theory, the democratic nations are justified to employ force against authoritarian regimes because the non-democratic states may interfere with the peaceful democratic life in these countries. In addition, democracies cannot go to war with one another in order to promote the spread of peace among nations.
Thus, the spread of democracy is believed to increase the level of regional stability and peace among the various nations of the world beginning with the zones of peace and later spread to include the other non-democratic countries or the ‘war zones’. However, powerful nations particularly the Western governments and the International institutions such as NATO have wrongly used the spread of democracy to propagate forceful intrusion into relatively stable countries.
The ‘zones of peace’ as supported by liberal democracies are portrayed as just and the best way of attaining global peace. However, other forms of political organizations can also promote the development of specific ‘zones of peace’. The liberal democratic peace can be achieved through other forms of political organizations other than the liberal democracy supported by the Western world (Singer, and Wildavsky1993, 32).
Countries that do not conform to the ideologies of the liberal democracies or the Western cultural or socio-economic practices, experience relative peace and have friendly relations with the neighboring nations. The current democratic peace theory proposes a universal peace and security among nations, which is only achievable though democratic practices and international institutions’ presence.
In my opinion, democracy can spread both within a nation and internationally with help from democratic institutions within a democratic state and the international institutions such as the UN. However, the control of political affairs of the country should be left to the citizenry as opposed to the forceful application of the democratic principles on the people. Otherwise, the citizens would retaliate with revolt, which could harm the spread of the democratic peace.
Internationally, democratic peace can spread through emphasis of respect to fundamental human rights by all nations irrespective of whether they uphold liberal-democratic ideologies or they are simply non-democratic. The social development and expansion in religious and economic freedoms can also contribute to the spread of democratic peace across the world.
International Institutions and the Spread of Democratic Peace Despite democracy playing a vital role in the spread of peace, it faces many impediments in the spread of democracy among many nations. In most authoritarian nations, reforms are rare with electoral systems that deter the spread of democratic peace.
In addition, these countries have a weak and non-vibrant civil society and cannot effectively challenge the governing regime. Other emerging democracies practice authoritarian rule under the guise of democracy. The international institutions such as the United Nations help to foster democratic peace in nations faced with governance challenges.
The United Nations, comprised of different democratic nations, undertakes to prevent common problems that hinder the spread of democratic peace. In particular, the internal conflicts or civil wars within a nation, government atrocities against its own people and wars between states are the major concerns of the United Nations of the Security Council (Luard 1986, 93).
However, these global institutions experience faces challenges from the member states that may refuse to comply with the laid down statutes as seen during the Cold War. The structural frameworks of the new world order relies on the development of these international institutions, which should have formal authority to promote peace even if it means the use of force.
However, the West including the United States refuses to vest authority to the legitimate global institutions and thus affects their operations. In addition, these global institutions contribute less, if any, to the welfare of the citizens of most countries. The global interests, particularly of the non-Western developed countries during the Cold War coupled with the perceived ineffectiveness of the International institutions in promoting peace contribute to the continuation of authoritarian governance.
In my opinion, the UN system as presently constituted has the potential of promoting peace and security than during the Cold War. The new challenges facing the UN’s operations include the potential security risk of countries amassing weapons of mass destruction.
However, I believe that the UN through various commitments can solve this potential crisis and contribute to peace among nations. Through mobilization of UN peace keeping activities to countries ravaged by war, peaceful negotiations, and conflict resolution can be reached. The UN can also authorize the use of force in exceptional circumstances, especially in countries ravaged by war or in case of potential threat of weapons of mass destruction, which is important in promoting peace among countries.
The UN also promotes the establishment of democratic governance in a country by first allowing a transitional government to be in place. This, in my opinion, is a vital step in rebuilding a state ravaged by war. The UN has the mandate to carry out inspection and monitoring of a country’s nuclear plants to ascertain the activities of the nuclear plant. Thus, any potential threats from weapons of mass destruction can be avoided and contribute to global peace.
Under the UN Charter, the relations between nations are covered. However, the internal activities of nations such as civil wars and weapon amassment by nations remain unregulated. In addition, the Charter provided for open membership by all interested nations regardless of whether they are democracies or not.
However, I think the operations of the UN could be enhanced if the membership comprised of democracies only because democracies respect human rights and fundamental rights. Additionally, democracies seldom engage in wars between themselves and do not allow killing by governments or civil wars to occur.
Thus, creating a UN institution that is comprised of democratic nations only would contribute to the expansion of democracy and peace among nations. Democracies are also less prone to engage in production of weapons of mass destruction and are more likely to comply with international laws and treaties than non-democracies. Democratic nations are less likely to be threats to international peace than dictatorships and therefore, form important members of the UN.
In addition to contributing to the spread of peace, democratization or the spread of democracy has promoted international cooperation particularly with regard to peace and security of nations (Spencer 1998, 305). Democracies often do not fight other democracies but can engage in war with authoritarian regimes when attacked.
The democratic nations cooperate through international institutions under the new world order to promote global peace in the nations of the world. Democracies often respect and trust the democratic practices of the other democratic nations leading to peaceful relations and expansion of democratic peace among nations.
The spread of democracy also has promoted international cooperation in trade and economic sectors, which is not feasible in war or international conflict. However, economic depressions or boundary dispute between democratic nations may strain the international relations enjoyed by democracies.
The integration of the world economy particularly in the areas of communication and trade can be attributed to the spread of democracy. This has encouraged cooperation in the management and regulation of the international organizations such as the IMF and the World Bank. Additionally, democratic nations cooperate in promoting the spread of democracy by advocating for a vibrant civil societies and democratic institutions in non-democratic institutions.
Conclusion The democratic peace theory holds that democracies rarely engage in war amongst them but can fight with authoritarian regimes. The spread of democracy, therefore, contribute to the spread of international peace among nations as postulated under the new world order. However, some democracies engage in dictatorial leadership and in the process hinder the spread of democratic peace. The international institutions play an important role in promoting the spread of democratic peace.
In addition, democracy promotes international cooperation among nations particularly in world economy and international trade. Given the important role played by international institutions in the spread of democratic peace, the membership of the United Nations or the United Nations Security Council should comprise of developed democracies in order to grow and consolidate democratic peace.
Reference List Doyle, Michael . 1983. Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs. Philosophy and Public Affairs 12: 323-353.
Kant, Emmanuel. 1991. On Perpetual Peace: Reprinted in Kant’s Political Writings Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Layne, Christopher. 1994. Kant or Cant: The Myth of the Democratic Peace. International Security 19, no.2 (February/March): 43-44
Luard, Evan. 1986. War in International Society. New Haven: Yale University Press Russett, Bruce, and Oneal, John. 2001. Triangulating Peace: Democracy, Interdependence, and International Organizations. New York: W. W. Norton.
Singer, Max, and Wildavsky, Aaron. 1993. The Real World Order: Zones of Peace / Zones of Turmoil. New Jersey: Chatham House.
Spencer, Weart. 1998. Never At War: Why Democracies Will Not Fight One Another. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Innocence and Experience in Joyce, Kincaid, and Frost Essay essay help online free: essay help online free
It is certainly evident that life and experience occurs, and eliminates or changes the quality of human innocence. Of course, this is perfectly normal. However, frequently those undergoing such a process, can often feel suffering, loss, and perhaps confusion. This is definitely a part of human evolution. Within our text, the reading of the three pieces by Joyce, Kincaid, and Frost, all serve to illustrate this phenomenon.
“Araby” is a coming of age tale of a young Irish Catholic boy, living in early twentieth century Dublin. Clearly, at the start of the story, the young man is an idealist. Author James Joyce describes his protagonist whose disappointments prompt him to unexpected reaction. “My eyes were often full of tears (I could not tell why) and at times a flood from my heart seemed to pour itself out into my bosom.” (Joyce)
As the story is narrated by the boy now grown, the loss of innocence through remembered experience is doubly poignant and ironic. Looking back, the narrator speaks of himself as growing up in one of the worst parts of a then very blighted city. Tantamount here also is the boy’s feeling that his religion is empty, ritualistic, with no real and true care for his Maker and the rest of humanity.
However, when the boy next falls in love with the sister of a friend, “Mangan”, he briefly experiences a form of renewal. Nevertheless, he is doomed to be disappointed as his view of love is one based on piety and unrealistic romance. He does not get the girl. He mourns thus, “Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derived by vanity, (Joyce )
Finally, the last vestiges of his innocence are purged through his actual experience of visiting the Arabian bazaar and realizing that it is very different from what he’d formerly perceived. Dark, sinister, seductive, and highly commercialized, Araby epitomizes for the narrator, the real and experienced state of the world.
Next, in Jamaica Kincaid’s one-sentence short story entitled “Girl”, the loss of innocence through experience is delivered to the daughter by her mother, who provides her with a litany of advice.
Although the mother’s speech to her daughter seems motivated by love and she provides her child with information she believes the girl will need in order to survive as a women in the Western Caribbean world, it is nonetheless a loss of innocence gained via the mother’s diatribe. Although the mother gives the girl what she believes to be helpful information on all from chores to life and love, she displays a strong lack of confidence in the child.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The parent starts with telling her offspring, she should “Wash the white clothes on Monday and put them on the stone heap; wash the color clothes on Tuesday and put them on the clothesline to dry; don’t walk barehead in the hot sun.” (Kincaid ) Mother then proceeds to slight the girl’s very character by telling her,
“on Sundays try to walk like a lady and not like the slut you are bent on becoming.”
The young lady appears to respond minimally, both in her defense and to acquire additional information. The daughter claims, “but I don’t sing benna on Sundays at all and never in Sunday school.” Therefore, at the end of the mother’s lengthy statement, the youngster is presumed to have left behind her childhood, and prepared to enter the adult world.
Finally, prominent twentieth century American poet Robert Frost touches on innocence, experience, and choice in his verse, “The Road Not Taken”. He claimed that the poem was originally written when he and a close friend came upon two similar paths in the woods, and were in a quandary as to which way to go. The poem appears to promote the wish that they could explore both paths and would possibly do so, if they could, but that reality would probably not permit that series of events.
Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. (Frost 149)
Lastly, the final point made by Frost is that his choice dictates his loss of innocence and subsequent reality. He speaks of a later time in which he will recall:
We will write a custom Essay on Innocence and Experience in Joyce, Kincaid, and Frost specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I — I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference. (Frost 149)
Of course, it isn’t clear what kind of difference occurred, and whether or not, it was either positive or negative, but just experienced. Therefore, the choice precluded another experience, a type of loss.
Works Cited Abcarian, Richard, Samuel Cohen and Marvin Klotz, eds. Literature: The Human Experience. Bedford Saint Martin’s 10th edition
Art and Aesthetics: Art in Public Space Essay best college essay help
Art refers to a means of purposefully putting things in a particular manner so as to influence the mind, senses as well as the emotions. It constitutes of various creations, human activities and several methods of expression of human ideas through paintings, music, sculpture, literature, filming and photography (Creative Intelligence 4).
Beauty on the other hand refers to the characteristics bestowed in an individual that leads to a perceived understanding of satisfaction and pleasure. It emanates from aesthetic. Ideal beauty thus refers to that which attracts admiration in a given culture leading to perfection. Thus art has been broadly explored in aesthetic so as to bring out its correlation to generations and mankind. This essay therefore, uses the concepts from semiotics to discuss art and aesthetics in relation to California Disney Hall as a piece of art in public.
Semiotic concepts include signs and making meaning out of the signs identified in a particular piece of art whether performing art, sculptural or modeling art. They mainly encampass creation of meaning out of a given sign accorded to artwork. The interpretation of a given piece of art work is based on the denoted meaning identified such as the identification of visible signs as well as the actual cultural relationship that comes along with such identifications.
Therefore, the main aim of semiotic artist is to derive methods of navigation coupled with interpretation of connoted meaning (Bann 128). This seeks to unfold the coded meaning and meaning unfolded in a given object of aesthetic value by determining its relationship to collective consciousness.
Concepts of semiotics have been identified in the history of art for instance, in the works of Panofsky and Riegl (Creative Intelligence 5) including the very important texts by Meyer bringing out visual semiotics. When these concepts are put together and modeled in to what is appealing to the senses of the public, it results in to what is called aesthetics. This is the creation of beauty. Art work that has been well organized in a given media so as to be staged out or performed in a public arena is referred to as public art.
Public art is important to public art specialists, bodies that commission art performances, curators as well as the entire art world with much emphasis being given to collaborations, the specificity of the site of performance and the involvement of the community. At times art is used to refer to any given piece of art that is displayed in a public arena or any public buildings that are easily accessible to the community (Maasik 50).
The California Disney hall is the best example of art in public. The hall is among the four concert halls of the LAMC (Los Angeles Music Centre). It has a seating capacity of two thousand two hundred and sixty five persons which is one of the characteristics of public art which puts focus on community involvement hence accommodating more people during performances (George). It serves various functions alongside being the centre for LAMC (Los Angeles Master Chorale and LAP (Los Angeles Philharmonic) performances.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The hall was built in honor of Los Angeles citizens and to Lilian Disney’s husband dedication to art. The acoustics and the architecture of this concert hall supersede that of Dorothy Chandler Pavilion making the most important piece of art. As opposed to many of the halls used for concert performances (Ronald and Melissa 55), California Disney hall’s entrance is ever open during daytime hence giving room for access by the public to its 7-level subterranean parking space, café, hotel box office as well as the gift shop.
The entrance of the hall constitutes of columns of enormous tree trunks made from Douglas fir with straight grains. Apart from providing support to the Hall structurally and visually the columns assist in lighting as well delivering air conditioning. Douglas fir is well appreciated for its aesthetic value, thus most of the surfaces in the hall have inco-operated it, in addition to the musical instruments made from timber.
This has enhanced the beauty and the aesthetic value of the hall that attract the public. Initially Frank Gehry had purposed to have the whole building finished with stone. However, he changed this to have the hall dressed with stainless steel. Frank settled on a stainless steel finish since he believed that this kind of finish worked well with the reflecting and changing the bright sunlight from southern part of California.
As a result of the halls numerous contours and exacting specifications in its design, structural beams made of steel had to be fixed using computer aided three-dimensional interactive application (CATIA).The steel beams were fixed into place only after having intersected the xyz coordinates as they appeared in the plan.
The public park of the hall sits on a one acre piece of land, thirty four feet over the hope street. It is strategically positioned thus making it accessible to all people without any restrictions through the hours of operation.
The park provides a good view point to most of the landmarks in Los Angeles for example the LACL (Los Angeles Central Library) which is on the southern part of Los Angeles, SGM (San Gabriel Mountains) and DS (Dodger Stadium) to the North as well as Hollywood sign which lies to the West. All these are visible particularly on a cloudless day.
The magnificent sight gives a sense of beauty to the public and every person looking at such a hall would appreciate the kind of time devoted to making the building beautiful and appealing to the viewers. The park also consists of full-grown flowering plants with a distinct ability to flourish in designed plant vases.
We will write a custom Essay on Art and Aesthetics: Art in Public Space specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Many of the plants in the hall were taken from residential homes and lifted up by the help of three hundred and fifty ton crane. The flowers were cautiously positioned facing the initial direction before being uprooted to their new location (David Hume 58). During the entire period of Philharmonics the flowers keeps flowering consecutively offering the beauty of alternating shades of colors.
The hall also constitutes of LDMF (Lilian Disney Memorial Fountain). This was Franks design as he designed this in honor of Lilian Disney. This was in recognition of Lilian Disney’s affection for Roses and Delft porcelain. In creating this fountain, reinforced bars of iron were curved to create structures that resemble petals of flowers.
The mesh made of stainless steel was fixed and then packed with water proof concrete. Furthermore, several tiles and royal vases made of Delft porcelain were broken into pieces which were skillfully mounted by a team of eight people skilled in the art of ceramics. This led to the beautiful fountain present at the California Disney Hall.
The children’s Amphitheatre which is home to educational programs as well as programs owned by the community which are produced by MCED (Music Centre Education Division) as well as the LAP (Creative Intelligence 2). The seating area consists of concentric arcs made in small parts bearing in mind the children seating in this section.
This space provides relaxing place for visitors who would love to relax as well as have lunch or read anything as long as the children are not using it. Within the hall is the REDCAT (Roy and Edna Disney/CalArts Theater) which is the meeting point for audiences and performing artists, home to performing art, experimental theatre and music. Furthermore, there is a three thousand square foot display space including a café for multiple functions.
Art in public arena is in most cases developed to interact with the public by allowing the individuals to participate by their sight, feelings as well as their entire senses. For instance, in the Disney hall, the public can participate in such kind of art by sitting on the seats that are curved in a concentric manner thus allowing them to have a feeling of that particular art. The hall has a resonating interval of two minutes hence during the performance the public can listen to the piece of art being presented and appreciate it (George).
By looking at the tree columns and the floral plants one can feel the beauty of the hall as all these features are magnificent. The entire art work portrayed on the walls as well as the surfaces attracts the public thus making the people to feel the surfaces hence participating in the work through hands-on experience.
The Disney hall displays its art in public place by virtue of its sculptural work having to do with the culture of the people of Los Angeles. For example the broken Delft Vases used to decorate the hall are as a result of the affection that Lilian had in Porcelain.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Art and Aesthetics: Art in Public Space by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore the culture of using porcelain had to be brought out on this particular hall so as to in co-operate a particular artist culture in this piece of art. This gives a feeling of community involvement and ownership which one of the semiotics in art in public places which brings a sense beauty to a whole piece of artwork.
The Disney hall stand on a very large piece of land giving room for more people to be accommodated hence upholding the norms of art in public places. The kind of architecture employed on the building allows the public to enjoy the beauty of the exterior of the building without necessarily entering the building. It is important to note that anything that does not amuse the public is not art.
Never the less with Disney Concert hall, most of the people enjoy looking at the large columns supporting the building with lots of amusement. Memorials as well as monuments are some of the ancient forms of art in public despite the fact that architectural sculpture is a bit pronounced in bringing out a true picture of art in public. A case in point is the huge columns and the rose flowers in the hall. The large space occupied by the park is suitable for public viewing and this is what attracts the public viewing of the Hall.
Semiotic aesthetics demand that artwork is an indication of a sign whose aesthetic value is founded on a given mode of reference. This is true with the California Disney wall as much of its artwork is based on particular meanings. The porcelain used in decorating the fountain in the whole results from Lilian’s affection to artwork made from porcelain. In addition, to this, her affection for roses led to reinforced iron bars being made to resemble rose petals.
The fact that Walt Disney loved art led to his wife, Lilian designing the California Disney Hall in honor of her beloved husband. Last but not least the love for the culture of the public led to this hall being made such that it attracted and held more than two thousand people hence giving room for most people to have a glimpse of any piece of art being performed. Most of the performing artists take deliberate pleasure in staging their various works due to the acoustics of the hall.
Using the concepts of semiotics in designing the Disney hall is what makes it a piece of art in public. Several features put together to bring out the aesthetic value of the building remains as they are, they carry the meaning of what they are and not any other hidden meaning. For instance, the flowering trees that keep giving different shades of flower alternatively are actually flowers and they do not carry any other meaning.
Furthermore, the hotels, café and the shop at the hall just what they are and have no hidden meaning. With such kind of art being displayed with symbols and signs carrying their own meaning and not any other hidden meaning brings into the lime light the beauty of art in public on this hall.
It is also important to note that one of the important things about semiotic concepts is that meaning and signs are never limited. Therefore, to enhance the aesthetic value of any piece of artwork, this concept emphasis that a single sign can take various available meanings. It is therefore up to the audience to extract the exact meaning of a given piece of art without necessarily deviating from the exact meaning.
In conclusion, concepts of semiotics are based on the fact that objects are best appreciated from the perspective of the audience. This implies that the audience can view an object at any given perspective as long as he finds beauty any that given piece.
With various meanings contained in various signs which are employed by the artist, the audience can draw that which is pleasurable to him and accord that given sign. In addition, the meaning given to any piece of art in public can only be expounded once the social or original context of that work has been removed.
Never the less, semiotic concepts insists that irrespective of the meaning intended by original author of art work the meaning taken by the audience supersede the authors. Just like the California Disney hall, different groups of audience have expressed their different views concerning its aesthetic value. In view of all this whether the hall is appealing to the public or not is upon the audience to assert this with respect to how it views this building. However, till to date it remains to be the best art in public space.
Works Cited Bann, Sawl. “Meaning/Interpretation.” Shift, Ronald Nelson and Richard. Critical Terms for Art History. Chicago, 2003. 128.
Creative Intelligence. “Architectural and Garden Highlights: Walt Disney Concert Hall.” Music Centre ,Performing Arts Centre of Los Angeles County. California: Music Centre, 2009.
David Hume . The letters of David Hume. Ed. John Young Thomson Greig. Vol. 2. Garland Publisher, 1983.
George, Lynell. The Los Angeles Times. 11 May 2008. Web.
Maasik, Sonia. Signs of Life in the U.S.A. Popular Spaces:Interpreting the Built Environment. Chicago: Oxford, 2006.
Ronald Lee Flemming and Melissa Tapper Goldman. Public Art for the Public (Art in Public Places Program) (Art in Architecture Program). The National Affairs, Inc, 2005.
“The Tale of Kieu” by Nguyen Du Essay college essay help online: college essay help online
Table of Contents Virtue
Strength and Weakness
The Tale of Kieu is one of the first Vietnamese books that made me understand the relationship between Vietnamese and Chinese culture. There are several characters in the poem, from whom we can get the main ideas of the author, and set off the image of young Kieu. Through images of the minor characters, the author reveals the essence of the philosophical notion “virtue” and its peculiarity in Eastern culture, the role it played in the destiny of the poet himself.
The Tale of Kieu is a moral verse. I say this because Kieu and other characters go through what they go through by fate; a situation they have no control over. There are instances through which immorality is illustrated, but beyond this curtain, there are great moral lessons . We are told of Kieu, “Alive she played the wife to all the world” (Du, 7) .As such the mere presentation of Kieu in a brothel can send the signal that the verse is immoral. But this should not be the motivation for such a harsh conclusion.
Virtue The kind of restoration that we eventually encounter points to the fact that this tale is seriously mirrored towards advancing the nature of virtue. This is seen from the inner thoughts of the minor characters. Though Thuc got Kieu through a brothel, he had a yearning of once getting a partner with whom they could marry and finally start a serious family. “…this harlot, after all, knows right from wrong…” (Du, 75).Theirs was a relationship which quickly moved from a casual one to a morally acceptable one.
Scholar Ma played a tragic role in the destiny of young girl. In the eastern culture the beauty of tragedy if considered deeper, purer, and truer than the beauty of happiness. From the book we may know if Scholar Ma was not the main cause for Kieu to become a prostitute. Kieu’s renunciation would not be so prominent.
Scholar Ma destroyed her personal happiness, but by doing this, her character became more immoral. The very same situation became classic from the point of view of Chinese and Vietnamese literature. Virtue of Kieu was impossible without Scholar Ma. Scholar Ma is an original element of fate and at the same time, an ordinary representative of his social group.
Strength and Weakness Thuc’s image includes several issues such as the question of strength and weakness. In fact, paternity plays a great role in the story; Thuc just could not not follow his father because it was impossible from the point of view of Eastern philosophy. Father’s image personifies the idea of social, moral and virtuous responsibilities. For Kieu and Thuc, this fact was the universal truth; still the girl was stronger than her lover and she took responsibility and decided to face the judge.
Thuc could not fulfill his obligation to his wife and to Kieu. When the judge took pity and ordered their marriage, Thuc was afraid of his first wife and did not reveal his relationships with the girl. Kieu saved faces even in shameful situations, while Thuc fell sacrifice to his passions and weaknesses. Kieu is strong, even in the hours of hardships. Thuc is influenced by her strength when he helps her escape the temple and the threat which his wife corresponds. We are told “…known as Miss Hoan, she wore a great name….” (Du, 79)
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More True virtue serves as an example for others and strengthens them. Virtue plays out in the tale from what Miss Hoan goes through. Though Thuc leaves her and marries Kien, we can easily see how she practically stands her ground as first wife.
Through Thuc we see the reflection of squander and plunder as compared to what actually befell Vietnam historically (Du, 164). Thuc being a thrift spender, “squandered money with both hands”. Vietnam as a country got squandered by invaders who affected almost every aspect of the country.
Though The Tale of Kieu portrays characters as seen, going deeper one sees an embodiment of what ails the society. There are several competing forces and these determine the way things work out. The character, in essence, presents to us how destiny is equally determined by fate.Kim Trong’s ordeal was separation with Kieu, and even reunion of lovers was not so happy. It happened because they were engaged, but their relationships were not full.
Of love and friendship they fulfilled both claims –
They shared no bed but joys of lute and verse .
Their wishes all came true since fate so willed,
And of two lovers marriage made two friends. (Du, 165)
We will write a custom Essay on “The Tale of Kieu” by Nguyen Du specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Their mutual life is ordeal for Kieu. At the end of life, a human’s soul seeks for truth. Kieu becomes a nun and does not want to defile Kim Throng’s ordeal. She proves that true virtue is renunciation.
Conclusion Through the images of the minor characters, the author reveals the essence of virtue and its role in the destiny of people. From what befalls the characters, we can finally see the kind of moral conscience that drives humanity being advanced in the tale. There are several issues which we see getting resolved through reconciliation and reunions.
By all these one can only conclude that the characters, through the turmoil that they go through, serve as a medium through which the trouble that humanity goes through in search of virtue is reflected. Kim for instance seeks Kieu’s love for a long time, but Kieu’s refusal to give in quickly initially is motivated by the fear if soiling Kim’s stature. Her sticking to the preservation of chastity only goes further to reflect the inner yearning for virtue. In essence The Tale of Kieu is a moral verse.
Works Cited Du, Nguyen. The Tale of Kieu. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
Illegal Migration Essay custom essay help: custom essay help
The legal framework relating to this issue Illegal migration takes place when citizens of one country enter to a foreign country without following the laid rules and guidelines thus violating the laws of the country which they enter to. The issues about illegal migration in the USA has been a problem for quite a long time and as a result, measures have been taken and a legal framework has been established to deal with this vice.
As of the year 2007, it was estimated that about 20 million migrants to the US were in the country illegally where the majority of illegal migrants were noted to be from the neighboring Mexico.
The legal framework under which issues dealing with illegal migration in the US is found in its Immigration Policy. The policy not only does it control illegal migration, but it also reflects different and diverse goals such as reuniting people with their relatives, providing labor in the sectors which seem to have shortages and many more. This policy covers both the legal and illegal migrants to the US.
In the part of illegal US migrants, the migration policy states that any person found living in the US can be made to leave the country either through a formal process (such as use penalties, fines and prohibition from future entries or may be asked to leave the country at will). The US immigration policy has undergone several changes and amendments since the country attained its independence in order to cater for the different situations which have arisen with globalization and advancements in technology.
The recent restructuring of the US migration laws were done with the enactment of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 which enabled the state to create the department of Homeland Security (DHS). With the creation of DHS, the functions of the Immigration and Naturalization Service were transferred to the Department of Homeland Security which is better armed with the resources of dealing with migration (Wasem
Lie and Deception Research Paper writing essay help
Mankind has been endowed with the gift of communication use both verbal and non-verbal means. However, meaningful communication among the people is usually distorted by willful lie and deception. Deception refers to intentional distraction of information between people in a relationship and usually leads to distrust between the partners (Rondina and Workman 1).
It usually involves the violation of rules governing relationships and is regarded to be an outright contravention of what is expected each of the relational party. In any interaction, people expect their close friends, family members, as well as unfamiliar persons to exercise the highest degree of truthfulness. It is unfortunate that human beings have a natural tendency of wanting to deceive in their day to day interactions.
Some forms of deception that may be mentioned include lies, concealments or omissions, understatement which involves limiting truth, equivocations where an individual make contradicting statements, and exaggeration of truth. A lie is the act of claiming to have some information or disseminating or withholding information from an individual (Cullen 2). Usually, the information supplied is farther from the truth. The research paper explores lie and deception from a psychological perspective.
Different groups have realised the need to detect lies and deceptions especially the forensic psychologists, the police, security experts, and those in relationships. A lie refers to a statement that is usually made deliberately with an intention of misleading or deceiving another; it is a deliberate telling of falsehood (Rondina and Workman 3). It is also a form of deception and has been categorised into different types. They include: being economical with the truth, propaganda, bluffing, emergency lie, the big lie, and so forth.
The ability to detect lies and deceptions is a useful skill that any manager, employer, and many activities that help one from either becoming a victim. Psychological researchers have realised that they can investigate individuals suspected of lying. They use both body and language and can tell whether one is telling the truth or not (Cullen 25). It has been established that with objective observation of an individual’s body language by concentrating on the physical gestures as well as the verbal cues, one can tell if a person is lying or not.
A number of physical gestures have been associated with deception and that it is possible to understand the body language. If an individual is being untruthful during communication, the individual’s overt expression will be limited and strained (Cullen 41).
The movement of the arms and hand will also be limited and if any, they would be highly self-centered. They would also not spread their hands when seated on a sofa or leave them on their on when standing.
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In other words, the liar will appear to be shrinking into him/herself. Another clear that a person is not telling the truth is that he or she will not make direct eye contact or if made, it would be prolonged. In case of any hand movement, they would be directed towards the face, holding the throat as well as the mouth. Moreover, the individual would be touching their nose or rubbing at the back of their ear (Rondina and Workman 11).
With keen observation, such an individual would not be seen touching the chest with widely opened hand. The standing posture also tells a lot about the truthfulness of what an individual is saying at any particular time and psychologists would read a lot from this.
Psychological researchers in the field of human interactions in relation to lying have also found that emotional gestures can be used to effectively tell whether someone is being truthful (Cullen 49). A close observation of these gestures reveals clear contradictions from what would otherwise be natural expressions.
When one is lying, the timing as well as the duration of emotional signs is usually out of the natural pace. The expression of these emotions may be delayed, or prolonged, and when they end suddenly than one would naturally anticipate (Rondina and Workman 16).
For instance, when someone receives a gift and says “I love it!” in the course of receiving, and smiles later, instead of doing the two concurrently, the person would probably be insincere. On the other hand, there is usually a mismatch between the verbal statements and gestures or expressions when one is lying. A truthful person’s expressions would involve the whole face unlike the one who is telling a lie or faking emotions since the facial expressions would only involve the mouth.
The other way through which one can detect lies is by investigating the behaviour of an individual interactions and how they react. Research findings reveal that a liar would always be on the defensive while an innocent person will always be offensive during interpersonal relationships (Rondina and Workman 30).
Eye contact during interaction also tells a lot; the liar will often avoid direct eye contact with the questioner. A liar is likely to cross his hands over the chest as well as fold the legs; this is an indication that he or she is trying to withhold some information.
We will write a custom Research Paper on Lie and Deception specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This scenario is usually evident during interviews or when police are interrogating a suspect. Liars are more likely to use the words of the questioner when answering. They are also known for avoiding pronouns and introducing other parties into what involves them, for instance:
Police officer: Did you steal the electrical appliances from your neighbor?
Suspect (While facing the ground): No, I did not steal any electrical appliances from my neighbor.
Police officer: Where were you on the night of December 31, 2010?
Suspect (With a raised tone): Even my family members know,…did not do anything evil on that night.
It can be concluded that lying and deception raises moral concern when it comes to interpersonal relationships. The consequences of lying can be so hurting on the victim. People ought to be truthful in whatever they say or do despite the myth that truth is a bitter pill to swallow.
Works Cited Cullen, Sharon. Understanding Deception. Samhain Plc. 2009: 1- 57
Blood Donation as Charitable Activity for Society Report custom essay help: custom essay help
Introduction It has being observed that serving the humanity for a noble cause not only brings welfare, well-being, but also the prosperity to ones inner soul and overall life. The humanity turned towards civilization when it came to realize the importance of helping and assisting the other human beings, caring living things and supporting a civilized society which turned the cave age stay of men into a modern civilized and much more compact world.
The concept of humanity does not end with the concept of living and caring in a digital, technological and modern world, but starts and ends with the global noble and human cause of bringing a feeling and sense of care for all living and well beings on this single planet. We call it the black age where human miserably fought the worst wars of the human history, taken of vast land just for the cause of creating dominance on the map of the earth or killing each other in the name of the desperate revenge.
Hence, these all events lead the scholars and intellects around the globe that these aggressive occupation of land, dominance of ethnics, or any sort of power that brings one entity as supervisor or superior on another, would take nowhere.
And it leads to the emergence of the world’s most generous, kind, man loving and peace widen individuals around the world who not only sent a message of serving humanity, serving mankind, spreading peace, and making world a better and lovable place for all generations to come, but also did them in their own lives as practice so as to pursue people for the cause of loving and serving humanity.
Mother Teresa would be the name to mention here who in her whole life, dedicated her each breath for the nurturing and well-being of humanity without any discrimination of creed, cast, ethnic or religion and hence leaving behind us all an example of deeds that would remain immortal in this life as well as in the life here after.
Blood Donation is one of those noble and enduring deeds. Blood works as a fuel in our body and is the main constitute of keeping our body alive and fresh from the day of a human birth till the departure from this planet and during all the seconds a body lives, enjoys and works in any part of the world, at any temperature and at any condition.
Hence, this main module of a body must be maintained to a certain level inside the body to keep it healthy, fresh and in workable condition to perform daily life task and procedures. The procedure of taking oxygen in and carbon dioxide out from the body is all performed by Blood. It acts as a transporter of carrying those gases inside and outside the body perpetually and periodically. Blood also helps the body from getting infections or becoming vulnerable to the bacteria’s or germs from the outer world of the body (Steane, n.d).
Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Blood also provides delivery service of rotating different daily meal compounds inside the body to different locations or cells for body nurturing and growth. The process of taking water, separating the necessary tissues or cells or energy from them and converting them into urine is also a function of blood inside a human body. Blood take out the necessary minerals and energy cells from the healthy foods, and eatables for the nourishment and growth of the body as well as good circulation of it’s inside the veins (Zoology Homework, n.d).
The human blood constitutes of four essential parts which are “Red Cells”, “Platelets”, “Plasma”, and “Cryoprecipitate” (ARC, 2011). Pint is the standard unit of measuring Blood around the world which different slightly in its accepted values in continents across the globe. In the U.S. Customary System, the value of 1 pint of blood varies from 0.473 liters to 0.551 liters whereas the same 1 pint is equal to 0.568 liters in British Imperial System (TheFreeDictionary, n.d).
Hence, the procedure of Blood Donation varies upon the requirement of the patient or the receiver that is the Blood can be donated as a group of those mentioned Blood Components above or it can be donated in specifically for the required of any of those parts or blood components.
A man body has an average of 4.5 to 5 liters of Blood in the body as compare to 4 to 4.5 liters of Blood in woman’s body with 14-18 pints of average blood in the adults or mature human being (KarmaYog, n.d).
Blood donation is a very simple and healthy procedure. According to an old saying, the blood donation keeps your blood rotating and hence leads to a healthy and refreshing life after the procedures.
Hence, donating blood is a four stride function i.e. the donors’ registration, examination of medical background along with a partial physical health check (the check up of body temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate etc), the blood donation, and finally refreshing juices.
At most, a blood donation time is observed around 15 minutes (i.e. the actual time of filling the empty white bottle with blood during donation). And on an average, one pint is transferred or donated from the total of pints in a human body (ARC, 2011).
We will write a custom Report on Blood Donation as Charitable Activity for Society specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hence, the blood donation process is beneficial to both the donor and the recipient because during blood donation, the excessive consumed body of products containing high amount of iron releases that amount and take them to the normal average human level i.e. sometimes we call them obese or fat which can cause heart and diabetes problems . Hence, the blood donation reduces the chances of heart attacks or diabetes (Leong, 2008).
Role of UAE Government regarding Blood Donation Almost all around the world, local governments, nongovernmental organizations and health institutes are busy for the noble cause of blood donation. Blood is among the scarce minerals that the digital and technological world cannot produce or supply through any other mean but human being.
Hence, it is the only process of transportation from one human body to another human body, the latter called patient or recipient while the former is called the blood donor, and beneficial to the health of both the donor and the patient. The patient get healed through the blood transformation and the donor gets rid of many of the possible health hazards that can be cause of heart and diabetes, in case of high amount of iron inside the human body.
The Health Minister of United Arab Emirates (UAE), H.E. Dr. Hanif Hassan Ali Al Qassim, initiated a nationwide blood donation campaign in the United Arab Emirates in the last quarter of 2010 following the international accreditation of Sharjah Blood Transfusion Centre. The Minister elaborated the vision of the blood donation campaign to be the self complacency in Blood donation and transfusion in the UAE and accredit ate globally.
The Minister applauded the efforts and hard work of the donors of age group in their twenties or thirties for this splendid cause of blood donation (Ministry of Health, 2010). The minister also emphasis and vision for launched blood campaign for an increment of blood donors from an average of 9 percent to 10 percent a year.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been nominated among the five biggest blood donor and transfusion countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) (Emirates247, 2010). The UAE also takes the prides of holding World’s Blood Donor day 3 years back in 2008 which is the first Arab country to held such internationally recognized day.
The Reason for selecting such category among others in the UAE Society The world is developing and developing at a rapid pace towards more and more advancement in science and technology, to gain excess power over excessive land and control overseas, to have an arguable share in everything that can make an impact towards their national interest all around the globe. That includes every nation, every country and every part of this planet. Governments are thriving for enough in their national and domestic favors and interests.
The worlds’ worst wars have been fought in the past centuries. The planet sees the magnificent use of its natural resources, also when those blessed resources were made bane for the humanity and human life. That era was the era of doing everything and advancement just for the benefit of one’s own interest and favor, everything aside was out casted or ignored.
Not sure if you can write a paper on Blood Donation as Charitable Activity for Society by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More And hence, just after the world war I, when the Great depression hit very hard and severely the great and all economies around the world, the leaders of the time decided to sit under a common roof to take humanity out of this disaster where hundreds and thousands of people lost their jobs, lost their homes, lost access to food and nutrition and hence human life became miserable to survive.
The history saw the worst part of human nourishment. Hence, leads to the solution of the Leagues which even did not prevent any further collision. And hence we saw the World War II.
Just when everything was lost and those who wanted to have control over the global took over the control, then people realize what have been lost and what still can be done to avoid further catastrophe to the generations to come.
Hence, we saw campaign for global causes in the form of Millennium Development Goals which includes two similar goals on health improvement and development globally around the continents i.e. goals of improving maternal health and fighting and solving HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases, not in national or domestic interests but for a sustainable global planet.
From Education, Transportation, modern Telecommunication, Housing and Construction, and hence in all the fields via which the United Arab Emirates (UAE) can compete, with the emerging challenges from the developed countries, it has done and done impressively well and hard enough.
Today, Dubai is considered as a hub of world Trade, Tourism and Investment. Enriched and blessed, this land, with the wells of Oil, people of the UAE worked extremely hard to make this desert a healthy, living, and touring spot of the world. Enough, but more than enough, has been written or is being written for the sustainability of all the mentioned sectors in the UAE by many organizations, firms or institutes as their own stack is attached with the normalization of all stated factors.
Out of these all factors, humanity calls for something that can cure their pains, heal their wounds and assist them towards nurture and affection. Health is the sector that is the centre of development of almost all the government around the world. Most of the worst diseases, that the human life can see, exist today that includes the curse of Malaria, Cancer, AID/HIV and others.
Also, the casualties that the latest and technological world causes i.e. casualties from accidents be these via mean of road or air, ultimately their victims need blood. Hence, causing an alarm for an effort that can alone be lauded across the world is the cause of sustainable measure for good health and being of locals and populous.
Hence, in the light of above mentioned facts and text, the topic “Blood Donation” is the most valuable and enlighten among all those that relate to technological development or nuclear enrichment programs or all those that have nothing to do with serving and assisting humanity but making human life miserable through their certain functionalities.
Stages of Group Development For teams to perform efficiently and effectively in collaboration and assistance of each participating member, the following five are the most essential steps toward positive, fruitful and productive output via stepping upward in the stages of group development model.
Not only does it increase the performance of the department or organization or the cause for which they are working together, but it also results in productive output of the work which that group take over. The members increase their contacts in the inside and outside world of their firm.
Since, this model is also followed by multiple organizations working for the same cause, this can help the members to have quality understanding of mutual communication and delivery of words or point towards the ultimate objective of the group. It also increases the efficiency of the human resource at the organization or firm for any of their future deals or communication with entities inside or outside their business.
Therefore, the work for “Blood Donation” task is divided according to the following five stages and uniformly divided among the members of the group.
Forming A very first meeting is held to discuss the procedure of how the group can proceed towards the completion of the task regarding “Blood Donation”. Since, the formation of random groups in the classroom requires initial time for members to have effective and clear communication between them, hence, the different aspects of contacting a blood bank, procedure to run the awareness campus and others are vaguely discussed.
Storming The ideas are blurrily discussed with the group members in the group formation stage. Now, the members are busy discussing and brain storming the following undertakings that would eventually help in the report making.
Contacting a nearby Blood Bank
Analysis of regular blood donation
To contact a particular Company so that an awareness program can be launched within its premises.
Material required for the Blood Donation awareness campaign
Activity day i.e. exposing employees to this charitable act of blood donation
Norming After the brain storming activity in the storming stage, the group is all set to clear out the procedure for the campaign to begin. Hence, the duties are uniformly divided amongst the members.
One member is going to contact a nearby blood bank
One is going to contact a company XY to have their idea implemented and;
Third member is going to collect information about the publishing and printing of material required for the campaign.
Performing As all the directions are set for the task to be initiated, members have got the chance to perform the awareness activity within the XY Company they contacted in the earlier stage. The members also remain successful in publishing and printing the material for the activity to take place. The material that is printed for the campaign includes flayers, hand outs, pamphlets and t-shirts.
Adjourning In the last stage for the preparation of their report for the Blood Donation task, members have successfully visited and ran a fascinated awareness campaign on blood inside the XY Company building. The employees are happy to be a part of this charitable awareness program inside their offices.
The employees are participating with all their interest and responding to our queries at ease. Members have distributed the flayers and handouts with the workforce. A pamphlet regarding the activity, to take place in the building, has been posted on the main notice board at the welcome entrance of the building. A small presentation on this charitable activity is also being given to the employees and staff of the XY Company all through the day.
Conclusion Blood is that constitute of the human body that supports and live the refreshingly bio system of the living body. Hence, it is viable and has monopoly in its production and wide spread use. By monopoly or wide spread use means that the only source for getting blood is human for supporting and healing a human.
It is found to be a noble cause for the serving of humanity all around the globe. Though technology and digital world have produced an ease for human lives, but they are unable to produce Blood, a natural mineral, up to such advancement in the technology.
Governments, nongovernmental organizations and institutions around the world are constantly thriving to increase the blood donation each year to cure and heal thousands of patients waiting for this constituent of human body to cure them. WHO has been encouraging those stakeholders to motivate their populous to show generosity towards this universal goal that would ultimately be in favor for a sustainable and health environment and world for us, for people around us and for generations that are to come.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been the most active member in this regard. After internationally accreditation of the Sharjah Blood Transfusion Centre, the Health Minister H.E. Dr. Hanif Hassan Ali Al Qassim originated a nationwide blood donation campaign in the UAE in the last quarter of 2010 with a mission to increase the blood donation from 9 percent per year to 10 percent per year.
Hence, envisioning and revitalizing the self stipulating in Blood Supply and Donation not only inside their territory (UAE) but across the globe for the common humanity serving.
Hence, beside the soaring economy, developing infrastructure, high pumping of billions of dollars in its territory for a complete modern, developed and self sufficient city and centre of the world, the government in the UAE i.e. the Ministry of Health is taking its best efforts towards the “Blood Donation” topic discussed above with various quotes and references from online newspapers and ministry of health UAE website.
This not only because health is the sector which is ignored by most of the governments in developing countries but also because it is the uprising issue of hundreds and thousands of people around the globe awaiting the help from those who are capable of delivering them a inspiration of hope and life. The example of which is given as the Millennium Development Goals which incorporated two of its goals related to health. One is the improvement in the maternal health and other one is combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases.
Historically fights or wars were fought for individual society’s goal or objectives. But the examples like Great depression, the melting of Atlantic and the deforestation has turned the nature of globalization. It teaches a lesson of immense cooperation and assistance to each other for each cause around the globe to make this planet a worth living and rejoicing place for generations.
Upon reaching the conclusion on the Blood Donation, it is now the role of each member, each person and individual of any society to come and help, all those who are desperately looking forward to us, by all our possible means that can contribute towards the good foundation of serving humanity which would eventually spread peace and tolerance in our society.
Policy Paper on Oil Conservation Problem Solution Essay essay help site:edu
Table of Contents Introduction
Introduction Back in 1973, the country was hit by oil crisis that left all individuals in a quagmire. This was a wake up call for various stakeholders to take necessary action that amounted to imposing National Maximum Speed Limit, down sizing automobile categories and enacting National Energy Acts among other (Juhasz 237). However, it is still evidence that more needs to be done to help arrest the problems of energy in the country.
This is because the need for energy not only in the country but globally is growing exponentially calling for a review of the policies in place as well as coming with new ones. Considering the current trend on energy consumption especially from oil, there is need to conserve it or else we risk coming to a stand still in terms of economic growth due to lack of energy.
Needs section As suggested by Juhasz 42 tremendous increase in human population has an automatic effect on increased amount of energy need. A larger population will need energy for lighting their houses, during construction of new buildings, a larger amount of energy is consumed, and there is increased need for transport among others. All these put pressure on the available energy resources. Unfortunately the problem facing BP since last year has made it a challenge for oil products to be available (Brune 207).
The environment has been negatively impacted as a result of the oil spill forcing the company into legal suits where they have parted with lots of money that could have been used to better oil conservation, processing and storage. Political instability in a number of OPEC countries has negatively impacted on availability of oil forcing prices to sky rocket due to short supply. For instance countries such as Egypt and Libya have experienced political instability which has seen to it that oil supply has declined.
There are studies that have shown that there is a decline in oil reserves. The amount of oil resources underground has been deemed to decline at an alarming rate and in the near future, there will be no more underground reservoirs of oil. It is no doubt that this has been influenced by the raising demand of the energy source (Brune 37). Another area of concern when it comes to oil conservation is the manner with which the rich in the society have absolute control on the resource.
In the major countries that are top suppliers of the product, there are a few rich individuals who dictate how the product is to be priced, supplied, transported among other attributes. This negatively influences impact on the consumers. Lastly, oil as a source of energy compared to other sources is heavily depended on. This kind of over-reliance is a threat to it being available in the future (Madison par. 4).
Policy section Having in mind that the demand for energy will continue growing; to help propel the growth of the economy there is need to come up with steps that will help conserve oil. One major way to do this is to solicit for alternative sources of energy. Despite the fact that 80.0% of transport and industrial sector depend on oil, having in place other sources of energy especially from bio fuel, solar energy, nuclear and more so the renewable sources is called for. This will not only help ease the pressure on oil as a source of energy but also save our environment from carbon emission which depletes the ozone layer (Jochem